Group delay times of whistler-mode signals from VLF transmitters observed at Faraday, Antarctica

first_imgThe group delay times (tg) of whistler-mode waves generated by the NAA (f= 24.0 kHz) and NSS (f = 21.4 kHz) U.S. Navy transmitters and recorded at Faraday, Antarctica (L= 2.3), after following a ducted field-aligned path are analysed theoretically for different L-shells of propagation using models of electron density, temperature, and ion composition distribution for typical day and night-time conditions. tg is presented as the sum of (1) a group delay time calculated for the simplest model of wave propagation parallel to the magnetic field in a cold, dense plasma with the effects of ions neglected (tgo) and (2) the corrections due to finite electron density, that is, finite ratio of electron plasma frequency to electron gyro frequency (Δtgc), contribution of ions (Δtgr), and non-zero electron temperature (Δtgh). It is pointed out that the correctionΔtgcis the dominant one, while the ratioΔtgh/Δtgc is only about 1 % for L close to 2.3. The total correction Δtgs, = Δtgc + Δtgr + Δtgh at L = 2.3is about 10 ms and is to be taken into account when interpreting the measurements of tg. However, on the assumption of strictly longitudinal propagation, the parameter [tgm(NSS) – tgm(NAA)]tgm(NSS) [index m indicates measured parameters] can be used for estimating L without taking into account the corrections Δtgs, if we do not require an accuracy better than ± 0.02.last_img read more

Understanding the New Jersey Gambling Scene and Laws

first_imgWhen it comes to the right to gamble, there will be some states in the US that are deeply envious of New Jersey. New Jersey state laws smile kindlier on gambling and allow people a little more freedom than in some other states. The resort of Atlantic City, with all its casinos, has helped secure New Jersey as a state that’s tolerant of people enjoying a flutter.Impact of gambling on New Jersey’s economyOnline gaming contributes massively to the New Jersey economy… so much so that it’s a surprise that other states haven’t opened themselves more to it. Here are just a few stats sources online have quoted:Between 2013 and 2018, online gaming generated $259.3 million in tax revenue to state and local governments.Between 2013 and 2018, the industry created 6,552 jobs.Between 2013 and 2019, the industry generated $2 billion in value of sales.Then in 2020, according to Bloomberg, the state’s nine land-based casinos generated $1.5 billion in gambling revenue.Not only this, but in heady economic times, online gambling has come to the rescue, serving as something of a safety net when land-based casinos are flagging. Taxation on online gambling is higher, at 15% of sales, whereas on brick-and-mortar casino gambling it’s 8%.Online gambling in New JerseyNew Jersey has revised some of the harsh laws around online gaming. The state seems to be warming more and more to it, whereas before, even if a site operator were based outside New Jersey, any resident from New Jersey would have been breaking state law if they played on the site.The official state of New Jersey site sets out a list of online casinos that can operate legally and where citizens can play. These sites can operate legally 24 hours a day. Anyone not on the list is not approved, and the state can’t protect the people who use them.The list isn’t finite, however, and other budding online casino operators may apply for a license.With online gaming now being legal, the betting community platform OLBG put together this page for where NJ residents can play slots.Sports bettingNot that it already wasn’t but New Jersey really put itself on the map, in gambling terms, when it challenged US gambling laws and won.In May 2018, the Supreme Court ruled that states could decide for themselves whether they wished to legalise sports betting. The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act had barred states from allowing punters to bet on sport games. Nevada was the only state in which it was legal.New Jersey fought this, and had been doing so for several years, saying that the law was unconstitutional. As far back as 2011, the state had been working to establish sports betting as a legal activity in the state, but top professional sports had filed a lawsuit against New Jersey and the legalization had been blocked.Finally, the Supreme Court agreed with New Jersey, however, much to the dismay of the NBA, the NHL and Major League Baseball, who had feared allowing sports betting would damage the integrity of the game. Governor Phil Murphy wasted no time in signing legislation to make it legal in the state, and he even tweeted that he felt legalizing sports betting was the right move for the state and would strengthen its economy.Now, New Jersey residents enjoy a lot of freedom to bet on games and can place bets are racetracks, casinos and other venues, if the facilities offer it. The only rule seems to be that punters can’t bet on college games or on events that involve New Jersey teams, or on high school games. Of course, if you’re player, referee, coach, member of staff, or are involved in professional sport in any other way, then you’re also not permitted to bet on sports.The barrier to entry for operators is low as well, which creates more choice for consumers, but perhaps the state will always be behind offshore markets in terms of their offering. As time goes on, however, they may soon catch.The future of gamblingThe decision of the Supreme Court has been huge, and New Jersey state authorities haven’t been the only ones working on making the most of the ruling. A whole host of states have been working on creating and implementing legislation to make sports betting a legal activity in their state.By November 2020, only Idaho, Wisconsin and Utah hadn’t announced any bills to legalize sports betting. That doesn’t mean to say that the former two won’t. Utah, however, looks highly unlikely. The state has a firm anti-gambling stance and has written it into the state constitution. To do legalize sports betting would be a major departure from its position. Even lottery tickets are a no-no.It also looks like the New Jersey sportsbook market is only going to grow stronger. Even in times of turbulence, the market has demonstrated the power to perform strongly and grew towards the end of 2020. The NFL has been one of the largest draws, if not the largest one.New Jersey has always been slightly more liberal towards gambling than many other states but has taken a further step forwards and started to welcome online gaming. The future looks bright for the state’s online gaming industry.last_img read more

Peter Hunt stops trading as no buyer is found

first_imgMore than 200 staff have been made redundant at the Peter Hunt bakery, after it ceased trading on 7 July.Administrator BDO Stoy Hayward (BDO) has been unable to find a buyer for the Bolton-based business, since parent company Lyndale Group went into administration in June. BDO had initially hoped to sell the pie and pasty manufacturer as a going concern. Business restructuring partner Dermot Power said: “We have worked hard to find a buyer for the Peter Hunt business in the face of challenging market conditions and it is regrettable that we have been unable to do so.”Power said that TUPE liabilities – laws designed to protect workers if a business changes ownership – had “proved to be an insurmountable barrier to a going-concern sale”.John Higgins, full-time officer at the Baker’s Food and Allied Workers’ Union (BFAWU), confirmed the employees had been officially informed of their redundancy on the morning of 7 July, and were given advice that day to fill in ’development forms’.He explained that, although the workers had been expecting this for some weeks, it had come as very unwelcome news and feelings were raw. “We’re asking for an investigation into how the company handled the situation,” said Higgins.Former Lyndale-owned Hampson’s bakery and 158 Hampson and Sayers stores were rescued from adminis- tration last month, when Sayers chairman Sandy Birnie and chief executive Michael Quinlan formed new company Sayers the Bakers.—-=== In Short ===== Brace’s redundancies ==Brace’s bakery will be making some of its staff redundant as it restructures its business. The redundancies could hit staff across both of its plants in Crumlin, Newport in south Wales. A spokeswoman said: “The slowing economy and increasing manufacturing costs, such as spiralling fuel and wheat prices, have been well-publicised. There has been a huge impact on business and we are no exception.”== Champions’ league ==Ludlow craft baker Price’s has made it through to the finals of the Made in Britain Food Champion of the Year competition, with its new Perry and Pear Loaf. The awards, formerly known as the Small Producers Awards, are run by Waitrose and Country Life magazine.== Oasis promo ==Coca-Cola has launched an new advertising campaign for its adult juice brand Oasis. The campaign – ’Run Cactus Kid, Run’ – aims to build on the brand’s positioning for people who don’t like water. It will encompass outdoor, web and TV advertising and is aimed at driving brand recognition with its 20-something male and female target customer base.== Pupil bakers ==Pupils at Freeman College in Sheffield will have the chance to learn about baking, thanks to a £20,000 donation by The Hilton in the Community Foundation. It will enable the college, which educates young people with learning difficulties, to build an on-site bakery for its students, including new kitchen equipment and ovens.== Snacktime for Gibson ==Gibson Foods is to supply Food Service Centre’s own-brand Snacktime range, after winning a £3m annual contract, to be its sole supplier.last_img read more

Coffee chain proposes ’nap’puccino

first_imgTired Brits can now literally wake up and smell the coffee at Costa, after the chain announced a new initiative to allow customers to take power naps in its stores. The new ‘Costa and a Kip’ service will allow customers to book a 15-minute nap in stores aided by imported Japanese ‘ostrich’ pillows, which can be used to turn tables into personal ‘relaxation zones’.Customers will be able to place their coffee order, let staff known when to wake them, using specially designed table clocks, and take a nap, before being roused with their drink.The innovative new scheme has been launched to capitalise on research that shows people are most in need of a coffee ‘pick-me-up’ between 3pm and 4pm.Clair Preston-Beer, chief operating officer at Costa, said: “Getting a good night’s sleep isn’t always an option with busy and hectic lifestyles.  “Daytime power napping has been scientifically proven to boost productivity and relieve stress during the working day. Firms like Google and Nike already provide nap rooms for staff. With this in mind, we are bringing a similar concept to UK high streets with our ‘Costa and a Kip’ service.”She added that early customer feedback about the scheme, which launched on 1 April, had been very positive.last_img read more

Wanted: Pie taster sought for Premier League games

first_imgWho ate all the pies? The answer could be you, as a betting tips company is on the hunt for a pie taster for the upcoming Premier League football season.Free Super Tips has launched a competition to find the taster, noting that no experience or qualifications are needed, entrants just need to know their pies.The job description includes travelling to Premier League stadiums to taste pies while watching the game, with Free Super Tips providing the game ticket and all of the pies. The taster will be required to report back to Free Super Tips about their experience and rank the pies against those available at other clubs.The competition is open until Monday 12 August.“Football and pies go hand in hand, so we’re keen to get the right person for the job to decide which of the Premier League’s pies are table-toppers and which are relegation fodder,” said Jake Apperley, co-founder of Free Super Tips.“The Official Premier League Pie Taster is an exciting opportunity for the winner to become a member of the Free Super Tips team and enjoy some of the league’s best action and food.”last_img read more

CNN Adds Dave Chappelle, Keith Urban, Jack Black, & More To New Year’s Eve Live Broadcast

first_imgNew Year’s Eve is quickly approaching, and music fans around the country will have a plethora of live music options to pick from to help bid the fairest of adieus to 2018. Popular jam acts like Phish, Umphrey’s McGee, The Disco Biscuits, and Oteil Burbridge & Friends are just a few of the notable bands who will close out their New Year’s runs with climactic performances on December 31st.Fans who won’t be attending those shows will still get the opportunity to enjoy some televised performances via CNN, which will air its annual New Year’s telecast led by hosts Anderson Cooper and notable Dead & Company supporter Andy Cohen. The telecast will feature a previously-confirmed performance from punk princess-turned-pop queen Gwen Stefani. Today, CNN announced that Stefani will now be joined by Keith Urban, Patti LaBelle, and music-loving comedic superstars Dave Chappelle and Jack Black.CNN is hoping the addition of the four notable performers will be enough to draw viewers away from Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin Eve With Ryan Seacrest, which will air on ABC and scheduled to feature appearances from pop artists ranging from Camila Cabello, The Chainsmokers, Christina Aguilera, Foster the People, Halsey, Shawn Mendes, Weezer, and many more. The nationally-televised program should also make for a pretty interesting night of music, jokes, and all-around jubilee as the broadcast will be filmed from a location near Times Square to capture the big ball drop in New York City.Chappelle will be coming in from Las Vegas, where he and Dead & Company guitarist John Mayer will have hosted the latest edition of their Controlled Danger duo show at the MGM Grand Garden Arena the night prior. Fans should be on the lookout for Mayer to potentially show up and surprise his pals Andy and Dave, as he’s known to do from time to time.Anderson Cooper & Andy Cohen – CNN New Year’s Eve – 12/31/2017[Video: TheWarmingStore]Fans can tune into CNN’s celebratory broadcast when it starts at 8 p.m. ET on Monday night.[H/T Billboard]last_img read more

In the spirit of the law

first_imgOn their campus of old, Harvard Law School (HLS) students scrounged for meeting space, searching for quiet corners or tucked away nooks, occasionally sacrificing their bodies for the few coveted spaces available for group discussions.“People would throw themselves across the couches in Pound Hall to reserve them,” recalled third-year law student Ellen Wheeler. “Before, if you could find space, it was like the Holy Grail.”Some determined students braved the din of Harkness Commons and its busy lunchtime crowd, but the bustling dining hall didn’t lend itself to discussions about complicated cases or legal statutes. Others students settled for seats on the floor of a building’s hallway; some simply met off campus.Now, they don’t have to.Last fall the School opened its newest building, 250,000 square feet aimed at bringing faculty and students closer. Its design, developed in close collaboration with HLS community residents and neighbors and realized by the architectural firm Robert A.M. Stern Architects, grew out of a strategic plan crafted in 2000, with the primary goal of improving the overall student experience.“There was a real sense that the student environment could be improved,” said Story Professor of Law Daniel Meltzer, faculty chair of the 2000 planning committee. In the past, he said, some student-run journals were housed in converted basement closets, and the School’s student organizations and its clinical programs were scattered among HLS buildings. The campus was also missing an expansive space in which students could “hang out.”“The campus lacked a physical nucleus,” said Meltzer, “where students would run into each other, study together, and have fun together.”The new Wasserstein Hall, Caspersen Student Center, and Clinical Wing building includes new classrooms and learning spaces of varying sizes equipped with the latest technology, meeting spaces, a sizable lounge, and offices for the School’s student-led organizations, journals, and clinical programs. There’s even a pub. The project had a sustainable mandate, and the complex recently received LEED Gold Certification from the U.S. Green Building Council.“The way the building is designed has made running into friends and bumping into people in organizations that you might want to collaborate with much more frequent,” said Abram Orlansky, a third-year student and a member of several student organizations.The effect of the new setup was evident on a warm spring afternoon that drew crowds of students to a courtyard on the building’s second floor, where tables were filled with study groups reviewing cases, or students were grabbing an outdoor lunch.The garden space is part of the building’s Milstein Conference Center, funded by HLS alumni Howard P. Milstein and his wife Abby, which includes an expansive, adjacent conference room.“The new center will facilitate gatherings and become a true focal point for the Harvard Law School community and the broader Harvard community, bringing together students, faculty and guests in an inspiring and beautiful space,” said Milstein.Downstairs, others relaxed in the student center’s vaulted Robert B. and Candice J. Haas Lounge, complete with comfortable chairs, couches, and two fireplaces, or next door in the building’s pub painted from floor to ceiling in a deep red hue and covered with pictures of famous HLS alumni.The complex’s student center unites the School’s 84 student-run organizations and 16 of its 17 student-operated law journals under one roof, affording them airy, open offices and the chance to interact in common spaces.“As opposed to just trying to send emails” to connect with people, said Wheeler, co-editor in chief of the Harvard Negotiation Law Review, “if I come here during the week, I know everyone will be here.”The same is true for the Clinical Wing, which houses most of the School’s extensive clinical programs.“It integrates the clinics more into the daily operation of the School,” HLS Dean of Students Ellen Cosgrove said of the new wing. “Having them in the same building as many of the classrooms allows for interaction between the clinical and the teaching faculty, as well as interaction between students.”“The place is just hopping,” said Meltzer. “I have had any number of students say to me, ‘Where was everybody before this?’”The new complex also addresses a change in curriculum. In the same 2000 strategic plan, administrators agreed to reduce the first-year sections of 140 students each to 80 students. A curricular reform in 2005, led by Professor Martha Minow, now HLS dean, introduced a number of courses, electives, and workshops designed for smaller classes.The Wasserstein Hall classrooms resemble those of Harvard Business School, with a horseshoe shape with the teacher at the front, but some have an added feature. Two classrooms are equipped with swiveling chairs that allow students to face each other for breakout discussions in class.The move toward more interaction was done as with an eye to promoting team learning, something that will better prepare graduates for the changing nature of the profession, where team players rank high on the wish list of hiring firms. Practicing lawyers regularly complain that the notion of working in teams isn’t emphasized enough in current legal pedagogy, said Meltzer.“They want employees who can come to them knowing how to work with someone else to improve upon each other’s ideas, how to disagree, and how to generate a group product that is better than anything that could be produced individually, and we think the new complex will encourage that.”A crowd gathered in the complex’s Milstein Conference Center for an official dedication ceremony April 20. Speakers included Harvard Law School Dean Martha Minow, Harvard President Drew Faust, and former HLS dean and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Elena Kagan.last_img read more

Graduate students to file petition

first_imgThe Catholic Church sees access to adequate health care as a human right, and this right is not provided affordably for graduate students’ spouses and children, graduate theology student Ricky Klee said.Klee, with others, has organized a “family-friendly petition” to ask University officials to change current University policies to better reflect a family atmosphere.“The University health care plan is not provided affordably,” Klee said. “Many spouses and children are not insured.”According to the University’s graduate student Web site, 75 percent of the premium cost for health insurance for the graduate student is subsidized. For the 2010-11 school year, the premium is $1,239. The student will pay $309, which only covers the graduate student.Spousal insurance costs $3,098 per year, Klee said. In comparison, similar plans cost $1,774 at the Catholic University of America and $1,024 at the University of Dayton. Sometimes spouses and children can go on state-funded health care, Klee said, but complications can surface.Michael Driessen, a fifth-year political science graduate student and Quality of Life chair on the Graduate Student Union (GSU), said the initial graduate student policies weren’t designed for students with spouses and children in mind.“I think the petition itself is a response to the fact that the larger student body at Notre Dame and many of the faculty and administration are really unaware of some of the specific difficulties Notre Dame married students encounter,” he said.Health care isn’t the only major point of the petition, Klee said.The final point of the nine recommendations, entitled “Gender Equity In Leadership At Notre Dame,” states, “Family concerns cannot be considered apart from the poor state of balance between genders at the top administrative, professorial and governance levels of the University.”“This situation is broadly recognized among Ivy League schools,” Klee said. “Female grad students need special support to finish degrees, even with families.”The petition aims to compare Notre Dame to other schools of its caliber, Klee said. For example, Notre Dame’s faculty is predominantly male.Peter Campbell, international graduate student and Village Representative to the GSU, said the University doesn’t extend a woman’s funding by the amount she takes off for maternity leave.“Women need that time,” Campbell said. “The University doesn’t pause funding while a woman is away from work.”Klee added: “There’s no true maternity leave for female graduate students. There’s also no paternity leave. It forces the mother to be the sole care giver.”In comparison, Yale and Princeton both provide paid leave for graduate students.Jamie O’Hare, Assistant Rector for University Village, recent graduate in the Theology Ph.D. program and mother of three, said Notre Dame’s growth out of an all-male school may be why most policies are aimed at the needs for single, non-childbearing students.“Grad students are the age at which many people get married and have children, and at a Catholic institution many of those people will be bearing children, or they’re not following church teaching,” O’Hare said. “I think that it fits with Notre Dame’s Catholic mission to not make following church teaching a burden.”O’Hare said the low University stipend for Arts and Letters graduate students causes difficulties for growing families. She said when she and her family arrived at Notre Dame, theology stipends were $11,700 a year, growing to $13,500. She worked a second job at University Park Mall until their second child was born.“I am a teacher by training, and I couldn’t put two babies in daycare, teach all day, grade all night and keep my life running smoothly enough to justify spending so much time away from my family,” O’Hare said. Now with a position on the housing staff at University Village, O’Hare said living on campus is difficult for Ph.D. student families.The current stipend for Arts and Letters graduate families is around $16,000, she said. The 2009 federal poverty rate for a family of three is $18,310, according to the Department of Health and Human Services.“This forces families to make tough decisions or risk financial ruin,” she said.Campbell said the University should support the graduate students because they are the examples of what Notre Dame would want the undergraduate students to become.“[The graduate students are] married people who have families, professional careers, who have families and are devout Catholics and doing what Catholicism tells them to do: have children,” Campbell said. “So when I get off the trolley at the Village, there are a lot young men and women on the trolley. Often, when parents get off the trolley their children will be running to them, leaping into their arms. I think to myself, isn’t that a perfect symbol of the kind of values that the University wants to instill in its undergrads?”O’Hare added: “[Graduate students] have different needs from the rest of the student population, and addressing these needs more adequately will benefit the school by attracting the best grad students and lowering the stress level of current students. “The group of graduate students will have a demonstration on April 20 from 11:30 a.m. to noon in front of the Main Building to formally submit the petition, Klee said.“It’s a chance for everyone to provide their own voice,” Klee said. “We’re hoping for lots of people.”last_img read more

Curious Incident Sets West End Closing Date

first_img After an “A*” run in London of nearly five years, the Tony and Olivier-winning The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time will shutter on June 3, 2017 at the Gielgud Theatre. A tour of the U.K. and Ireland is set to kick off in January 2017 and a North American tour will continue until September 2017.Directed by Marianne Elliott and adapted from Mark Haddon’s best-selling book by Simon Stephens, at time of closing the show will have played over 1,600 performances and been seen by over one million people in London, and almost two and a half million people worldwide. The original production opened at the National Theatre’s Cottesloe Theatre in September 2012, and transferred to the Apollo Theatre in March 2013 before moving to the Gielgud Theatre in July 2014. Curious Incident ran at Broadway’s Barrymore Theatre in New York from September 2014 until September 2016.The show tells the story of 15-year-old Christopher Boone, who has an extraordinary brain; and is exceptional at math while ill-equipped to interpret everyday life. He sets out to solve a mystery of who killed his neighbor’s dog, but his detective work takes him on a frightening journey that upturns his world.The West End cast currently includes Joseph Ayre as Christopher Boone, with Jo Castleton as his teacher Siobhan, Nicolas Tennant as Ed, Sarah Stanley as Judy, Jacqueline Clarke as Mrs Alexander, Amanda Posener as Mrs Shears, Ross Waiton as Roger Shears, Matthew Trevannion as Mr. Thompson, Gemma Knight Jones as No.40/Punk Girl, David Nellist as Reverend Peters and Thomas Dennis as the alternate Christopher. View Comments Jo Castleton & Joseph Ayre in ‘The Curious Incident'(Photo: Brinkhoff Mögenburg)last_img read more

Appealing option

first_imgBy Stephanie SchupskaUniversity of GeorgiaPoultry litter usually draws attention for its smell. It’s now attracting more interest because of what it contains – cheaper vital nutrients for crops.Nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium are key fertilizers used to grow Georgia crops like cotton, corn, peanuts, soybeans, hay and wheat. All three are found in chicken litter, something Georgia – as the top U.S. poultry producer – has a lot of. Commercial nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium prices have skyrocketed in recent years.“It takes a lot of petroleum to manufacture these synthetic fertilizers,” said Jeff Mullen, an economist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “So that’s the big cost. The price of oil has gone up, and that’s been folded right into these costs.”China, India and Brazil have increased their demands for fertilizer and oil, which has also increased fertilizer prices, he said.Nitrogen cost between 32 cents and 63 cents per pound in 2006. It now costs between 50 cents and 93 cents per pound. That’s a 50 percent increase, said Mullen.Phosphorous costs around 92 cents per pound today. In 2006, it was 38 cents per pound. Over the last three years, potassium has jumped from 24 cents per pound to as high as 90 cents per pound.The amount of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium poultry litter contains depends on what the chicken ate prior to producing it. On average, a ton of litter has 38.5 pounds of available nitrogen, 50 pounds of available phosphorous and 48 pounds of available potassium.Poultry litter costs about $14 a ton in Georgia. “So you’re paying 36 cents per pound of available nitrogen, which is currently cheaper than other nitrogen sources,” Mullen said. “The phosphorous, potassium and other benefits of poultry litter are essentially free after that.” Chicken poop is not exactly the same as synthetic fertilizers, said Dave Kissel, head of the UGA Agricultural and Environmental Services Labs. It can smell bad and be harder to handle and to spread in fields than commercial fertilizers. Also, poultry litter can only be applied prior to crops being planted, Mullen said, not after they are growing. Farmers typically fertilize their crops twice during the growing season. Commercial fertilizer would be needed for the second application after crops are growing.But according to a recent farmer survey Mullen conducted, farmers aren’t just purchasing the litter in spring before planting time. About 15 percent buy it in late summer and 25 percent buy it in winter. Also, the average poultry-litter user in Georgia would pay as much as $21 a ton for it today. “I think what’s really happening here, especially with the recent rise in fertilizer prices, is producers are recognizing that poultry litter is more valuable than its historic price has been,” Mullen said. “It’s a substitute for many fertilizers.”UGA and the Georgia Poultry Federation set up a Web site for buyers and sellers of poultry litter. Visit www.galitter.org for more information.(Stephanie Schupska is a news editor for the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)last_img read more

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