Tesco has reported falling sales in the third consecutive quarter as it suffers competition from leading discounters.Like-for-like sales including VAT and excluding petrol fell by 3.7% in the three months to 24 May with group sales for the company as a whole down 0.9%. The supermarket, along with Asda, Sainsbury’s and Morrisons, has responded to the threat of discounters Aldi and Lidl by slashing the prices of staple foods such as bread, milk and eggs. The ploy is starting to take effect, with volumes of the essentials rising 28% in the quarter.Chief executive Philip Clarke said trading would remain challenging and results were in line with expectations, despite the reduction in targeted promotions. Tesco reported a 6% fall in annual profits in April.“We are pleased by the early response to our accelerated efforts to deliver the most compelling offer for customers,” said Clarke. “We expect this acceleration to continue to impact our headline performance throughout the coming quarters and for trading conditions to remain challenging for the UK grocery market as a whole.”More than 100 stores were refreshed in the first quarter, contributing to the Q1 performance, with 200 more to be refreshed by the end of the first half.
No need to go light on those holiday pecans. A UGA study shows they’re better for you than you think. Peanuts and pecans may pack high calories inside their shells, but researchers have uncovered added value that far outweighs the high calorie count.For years, nutritionists have known that peanuts and pecans are high in Vitamin E and folic acid. University of Georgia food scientists have now found that these nuts contain high levels of plant sterols, which lower blood cholesterol levels.”Plant sterols are considered to be significant functional food components,” said Ron Eitenmiller, a food scientist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “They aren’t nutrients or vitamins, but they are really potent, effective food constituents.”Eitenmiller said plant sterols compete with the absorption of cholesterol. When eaten in the right quantities, they can reduce serum cholesterol in humans.”Plant sterols are now considered by the medical community and the Food and Drug Administration as another approach to lowering serum cholesterol,” he said. “This has a direct effect on reducing coronary heart disease. And peanuts and pecans are concentrated sources of plant sterols.”High Levels of Plant SterolsPeanuts and pecans contain much higher levels of plant sterols than many other foods. “Peanuts have 150 milligrams per 100 grams. And pecans contain 100 milligrams per 100 grams,” Eitenmiller said. “The amounts are significant when compared to most other foods, which contain much lower sterol levels than nuts.”Eitenmiller and UGA food scientist Phillip Koehler recently completed a study on Vitamin E and folates in peanuts and pecans.Their research was in support of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Nutrient Composition Laboratory, a section of USDA that provides nutritional information on the U.S. food supply. “Our research is providing the USDA with really good, quantitative information,” he said.Vitamin E, Folic AcidVirtually all nuts are high in Vitamin E, a natural antioxidant. Pecans contain 25 milligrams per 100 grams. Dry roasted peanuts contain 19 milligrams per 100 grams.Folic acid is needed in forming red blood cells. Lack of folic acid can lead to many deficiency symptoms. Eitenmiller said nuts, as a group, are good sources of folic acid.”All peanut products are good sources of folate,” he said. “Folate is an unstable vitamin that is in relatively short supply in our daily diets.” Besides in nuts, folic acid is in orange juice, green leafy vegetables, strawberries, beans and enriched cereal products. A new study shows peanuts are not only in popular foods, but are good for you. They help lower cholesterol, which helps fight heart disease. Photo: Scott Bauer, USDA-ARS Photo: Scott Bauer, USDA-ARS “A few years ago, folic acid was linked to neural tube defects in newborns,” Eitenmiller said. “It’s been proven that if mothers don’t get enough folic acid before their pregnancies, it can lead to a higher incidence of this birth defect. This led the FDA to begin enriching flour products with folic acid in 1998.”Eitenmiller and Koehler studied a number of Georgia peanut and pecan varieties from the 1998 and ’99 crops. They compared the levels of Vitamin E and folic acid in pecans, raw peanuts, roasted peanuts and peanuts processed for peanut butter.”We found very little nutritional difference between raw peanuts and processed peanuts,” Eitenmiller said. “And there are no differences in varieties or in geographical growing locations.”Consumption DecliningUntil recently, despite the excellent nutritional qualities of peanuts, consumption has been declining, Eitenmiller said. “One of the basic reasons peanut consumption went down was people’s perception that peanuts are bad for you because of the fat content,” he said.”But the fat itself is very highly polyunsaturated,” he said. “It’s a good mix of fatty acids that are considered to be optimal for good human health. So even the fat content is another advantage of eating nuts.”He said people should work nuts into daily diets in moderation. “We are never going to get away from the fact that pecans are 70 percent fat and peanuts are 45 or more percent fat,” he said. “But from a nutritional standpoint, their fat is much better for you than the fat you get eating a fast-food hamburger.”
Governor Wolf Announces Second $26.5 Million Federal Grant to Continue Fight Against Opioid and Heroin Crisis
Governor Wolf Announces Second $26.5 Million Federal Grant to Continue Fight Against Opioid and Heroin Crisis Press Release, Public Health, Substance Use Disorder Harrisburg, PA – Governor Tom Wolf today announced that his administration secured another $26.5 million grant through the federal 21st Century Cures Act to address the heroin and opioid epidemic. The grant represents a second year of funding for Pennsylvania under the act and will continue efforts to increase access to treatment, reduce unmet treatment needs for special populations, strengthen prevention activities around the commonwealth, and address the issue of stigma towards addiction that creates barriers to treatment and living in recovery.“Fighting the opioid and heroin epidemic and helping the Pennsylvanians impacted by the disease of addiction have been priorities for my administration since day one,” Governor Wolf said. “This funding allows my administration to continue progress made because of the first year of Cures Act funding, and I thank the federal government for its support and partnership in fighting this epidemic.”The $26.5 million State Targeted Response to the Opioid Crisis Grant (Opioid STR) will be used to continue year-one progress to ensure access to quality, evidence-based substance use disorder treatment programs and to provide support to new initiatives that focus on workforce development and special populations such as women.The second grant award will continue funding treatment for uninsured and underinsured Pennsylvanians, support the Pennsylvania Coordinated Medication-Assisted Treatment (PacMAT) program by adding more sites around the commonwealth, and continue point-of-care integration and training on the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP).“The second round of funding from the 21st Century Cures Grant will continue to help us in our efforts as we address the public health crisis of opioid addiction,” Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine said. “This funding is essential as we work to ensure that those with opioid use disorder get into treatment. Treatment offers hope to individuals, families and communities throughout Pennsylvania that are being affected by opioids.”The grant award comes through a continued partnership and joint application from the departments of Aging, Drug and Alcohol Programs, Health, and Human Services. The four agencies met regularly during the first funding year to monitor initiatives and continue to meet through the Opioid Operational Command Center established by Governor Wolf’s disaster declaration to discuss opportunities for initiatives that could be supported by a second year of funding.The announcement comes during National Addiction Treatment Week, which raises awareness for substance use disorder and the availability of treatment for the disease.“The programs and initiatives made possible by the 21st Century Cures Act and the Opioid STR grant expand the tools providers have when treating individuals with a substance use disorder,” said Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs Secretary Jennifer Smith. “Evidence-based programs work, and this award will continue that investment and allow us to provide greater support and help for our most vulnerable Pennsylvanians.”Governor Wolf also called on Pennsylvania’s congressional delegation to support proposals that would extend the Opioid STR grants. Multiple bills have been introduced that would extend grant availability, including the Combating the Opioid Epidemic Act sponsored by the Senator Bob Casey, which would make STR funding available through 2027. Under current law, this is the final year for Opioid STR funding.“We did not reach this level of crisis over night and ending the opioid and heroin epidemic will take more than two years,” said Governor Wolf. “The programs made possible by the Opioid STR grant are making a tangible difference in states’ fights to help people and communities touched by this crisis. We must continue to invest in evidence-based and effective programs made possible by federal support.”For more information on the commonwealth’s response to the opioid epidemic and treatment options around Pennsylvania, visit www.pa.gov/opioids. April 25, 2018 SHARE Email Facebook Twitter