Annmarie Soller | The Observer Abraham Lowenthal, professor emeritus at the University of Southern California and adjunct professor at Brown University, discusses the ideological differences between policymakers and scholars Tuesday evening in the Hesburgh Center for International Studies.In the field of international relations, a large gap exists between scholars and policymakers, and it is widening as policymakers demand black-and-white solutions and scholars become increasingly theoretical in their solutions, Lowenthal said.Policymakers see scholars as “absorbed and abstract” and “primarily interested in crafting theories … rather than in illuminating much less recommending solutions to pressing problems,” Lowenthal said. Scholars, on the other hand, “disdain the simplifications and lack of analytic rigor” of policymakers “interested in outcomes but not in understanding causality.”“It is fitting that I am here at this early stage because the purpose of the Keough School initiative and of this modest new book is exactly aligned,” Lowenthal said. “That is, to help develop stronger, more effective relations between scholars and policy makers with the aims both in improving policy and strengthening academic research and teaching.”Lowenthal referenced the creation of the first new college or school at the University in almost 100 years: the Donald R. Keough School of Global Affairs.“Developing more fruitful relations among scholars and policymakers is such an important and indeed such an obvious goal,” Lowenthal said. “But frankly, it has not been high on the agenda, either for most scholars or for most policymakers.”Michael Desch, chair of the department of political science, illustrated the evidence behind the “gaping chasm” between academics and politicians.“We did a one-of-a-kind survey of major national security decision makers … and asked them what of contemporary academic social science do you find useful in the process of actually making policy. And the answers were not encouraging. Not zero, but very little,” Desch said.Desch said he attributes the main causes of the widening gap between scholars and policymakers to two main factors: first, changes in government where research and advice on foreign policy is now done internally within the government bureaucracy and, second, the change in public opinion where the citizens view academics and scholars negatively.Professor Bartkus, associate professor of management, focused on the core aspect of rebuilding the bridge between scholars and policymakers. She said finding the common ground between scholars and policymakers does not entail a search for a place that already exists but rather envisioning and creating a shared space while having “the courage to take the first step.”“Of course, [creating that common ground is] not going to be easy because we’re going to keep talking past each other,” Bartkus said. “I have an entire class where my students talk past each other. The beginning of Business on the Front Lines, we had MBA students and Kroc students; they talk past each other every single class. Why? Because there’s a whole set of MBAs who are looking at the Kroc students going, ‘How are you even relevant?’ And the Kroc students are looking at the MBA students, ‘How are you not evil?’”“You have to put both of them against a really tough, substantive, important problem like rebuilding war-torn societies … for us to be forced to start having that kind of common language, common dialogue,” she said.Lowenthal praised Notre Dame for taking “a very big and welcome step to address this combination of problem and opportunity” with the creation of the Keough School of Global Affairs, and he said he hopes that his book can also contribute to the same goal by “helping to illuminate what needs to be done and how to achieve success in building better bridges between the scholarly and policy communities.” Tags: academia, Foreign Policy, Kellogg Institute, policymakers, political science, politicians In a panel hosted by the Kellogg Institute, Abraham F. Lowenthal, professor emeritus at the University of Southern California and adjunct professor at Brown University, discussed the launch of his new book on the waning relationship between scholars and policymakers today. Michael Desch, chair of the department of political science, and Viva Bartkus, associate professor of management, joined Lowenthal for discussion of policy and academia.
The Ellsworth wrestling team poses with its new state championship trophy after placing first at Saturday’s Class B state tournament at Fryeburg Academy.PHOTO BY KAYLA HARDISONEllsworth wrestlers (from left) Jack Weeks, Connor Petros and Jeff Weeks pose with their new Class B team championship trophy after Saturday’s wrestling state championships at Fryeburg Academy. Petros and Jack Weeks placed first in their weight classes while Jeff Weeks placed fourth.PHOTO BY KAYLA HARDISONEllsworth coach Travis Hardison hugs Jack Weeks after Weeks won the 138-pound title at Saturday’s Class B state wrestling championships at Fryeburg Academy.PHOTO BY KAYLA HARDISONEllsworth wrestlers received Class B wrestling state championship medals after Saturday’s state tournament at Fryeburg Academy.PHOTO BY KAYLA HARDISONThe Ellsworth wrestling team took home the Class B wrestling state championship trophy after Saturday’s state tournament at Fryeburg Academy.PHOTO BY KAYLA HARDISON12345PreviousNextFRYEBURG — The Ellsworth wrestling team dethroned three-time defending Class B state champion Camden Hills on Saturday at Fryeburg Academy.After notching the program’s first Eastern Maine championship last weekend, the Ellsworth Eagles scored 147.5 points to claim the state title – their first since 1982 and the school’s first team championship of any sport since 2002.Camden Hills finished second with 105 points – one of the largest margins of victory in state competition. Foxcroft Academy took third with 96.5 points.“An excellent week of mental and physical preparation set the stage for a day of class B wrestling that was beyond even the coaching staff’s best expectations,” Ellsworth coach JF Burns said.This is placeholder textThis is placeholder textThe Eagles’ week before their 3.5-hour drive to Fryeburg on Friday looked something like this: On Monday, they met with clinician Logan Walsh. On Wednesday, they were introduced to a packed gymnasium before the boys’ basketball prelim against Mount Desert Island. On Thursday, superintendent Dan Higgins provided them with a motivational speech, which appeared to be effective.In what Burns described as “one of the greatest moments in the school’s wrestling history,” Ellsworth captured five straight individual championships by freshman Peyton Cole (132), senior Jack Weeks (138), junior Dagan Berenyi (145), junior Connor Petros (152) and sophomore Trent Goodman (160).Burns said Ellsworth’s effort was so dominating that if you were to compare the head to head scores of the 10 weight classes in which Ellsworth entered wrestlers, the team outscored the combined effort of the entire field of class B schools. But the afternoon belonged to captains Weeks and Petros.Coming out of the No. 3 seed in the East, Weeks won his championship by defeating the No. 2 seed in the West, the No. 1 seed in the East and, in the finals, the No. 1 seed in the West – Dakota Jacques – by a score of 4 to 3. Weeks’ upset victory was the only one for the day, as the other 13 weight classes were won by No. 1 seeds.Seeded first in the East, Petros pinned eventual third-place finisher Hunter Reed of Morse in the semifinals before coming from behind in the finals to beat the No. 1 seed from the West – Josh Smith of York – by a score of 9 to 6.As for the other three champions, Cole remained undefeated for the season by pinning Steven Thompson of Medomak Valley in the second period. Berenyi won the championship by a technical fall score of 18 to 3 over Conor Smith of Fryeburg, and Goodman pinned Eli Smith of Camden Hills in the first period.Burns said Ellsworth also did well in the consolation rounds.Senior captain Jeff Weeks suffered a tough 1-0 loss in the semifinals to the eventual champion, Ian Austin of Mountain Valley. Jeff Weeks, who recorded two pins for the day, finished fourth after losing to Brandon Brock of Foxcroft by score of 7-1 in the consolation finals. But Jeff Weeks’ victory in the consolation semifinals eliminated Mountain Valley and Camden Hills from catching Ellsworth in the standings.At 126 pounds, senior Robert Banner removed the last obstacle for Ellsworth when he beat Eli Olson of Foxcroft in the consolation finals by a score of 6 to 2. The win capped off Banner’s career and earned him a third-place finish. His only loss of the day was to the Outstanding Wrestler of the Meet, Peter DelGallo.Junior Noah Robidoux placed fourth at 120 pounds after losing 4-1 to Chase Curry of Belfast.At 170 pounds, Tyler Hardwick won one match on the day.First-year wrestler Jared Brown lost his two matches on the day at 195 pounds.Each of the competing wrestlers received a state championship medal.“The team greatly appreciates the fans who traveled the 3+ hours to watch us compete,” Burns said. “With seven of the 10 wrestlers returning next year, we are looking forward to the continuation of the team’s success.”An evening reception is planned for the team on Feb. 24 at Ellsworth High School. Part 2: When the injury is inside your head, some “don’t get it” – July 26, 2016 Latest posts by Taylor Vortherms (see all) Bio Part 1: Invisible, incapacitating concussions are sidelining high school athletes – July 19, 2016 Latest Posts EHS names new boys’ soccer coach – July 13, 2016 Taylor VorthermsSports Editor at The Ellsworth AmericanTaylor Vortherms covers sports in Hancock County. The St. Louis, Missouri native recently graduated from the Missouri School of Journalism and joined The Ellsworth American in 2013.