Listen to “The Midday Report” from Tuesday December 31st
THE report by scientists from around the world last week provided confirmation of what an increasing amount of Americans had already come to believe – that global warming is real and it is almost certainly largely caused by humans. This report wasn’t the work of one mad scientist communing with the grebes in the wild. This was a sober, evidence-backed assessment from an international network of hundreds of leading climate researchers and scientists that has been documenting climate change for years. Still, there are those who are suspicious of political motivations, and who raise objections to global warming’s threat. And to those people we ask, does it even matter if global warming is myth or reality? The counter-measures for halting global warming – using cleaner vehicles and driving less, reducing waste and consumption – are ones that would do us all a bit of good, regardless of what you believe about climate change. For instance, who could honestly argue that reducing dependence on oil from the war-torn Middle East and making smart purchasing choices that result in cleaner air are bad things? We could all breathe easier, and oil money would stop flowing into some of our enemies’ hands. Maybe some can’t buy the argument that widespread use of fossil fuels is causing polar ice to melt, thus drowning polar bears and causing seas to rise. But they must at least admit that without all that lovely revenue from oil production, terrorists would have a lot less money to spend buying bombs, training killers and blowing up civilians. Maybe some can’t swallow the idea that people could possibly trash this enormous planet. We urge them to talk to residents of Granada Hills who live in the shadow of Sunshine Canyon Landfill and know we are at least trashing some of it. If they don’t want to recycle for the planet, then do it for the people who live in neighborhoods that have fume-belching trash trucks rumbling through their streets every day. Is it even in dispute that telecommuting means better quality of family life? And if it helps the environment, what’s the loss? In the end, it doesn’t matter if you believe in global warming. We all would benefit personally and collectively by making smarter choices about using natural resources. That’s not just good for the environment, it’s good for us.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Embed from Getty ImagesCrystal Palace boss Alan Pardew has tipped Yannick Bolasie to come back “stronger than ever” from his knee injury.The west London-raised former Hillingdon Borough winger, who joined Everton from Palace in the summer, faces a long spell on the sidelines with cruciate ligament damage.Bolasie, 27, suffered the injury during Everton’s recent draw against Manchester United.“I had some contact with ‘Yala’ this week and sent our condolences about his injury,” Pardew revealed.“He is such a buoyant character. They’ll miss him – miss him in the dressing room and miss his play.“He’s a super character and he’ll get his head around it and get himself back stronger than ever.” See also:Palace’s former Hillingdon Borough player targets second win over ChelseaPardew denies Bolasie’s move to Everton is imminentBolasie set to seal Everton move Ads by Revcontent Trending Articles Urologists: Men, Forget the Blue Pill! This “Destroys” ED x ‘Genius Pill’ Used By Rich Americans Now Available In Netherlands! x One Cup of This (Before Bed) Burns Belly Fat Like Crazy! x Men, You Don’t Need the Blue Pill if You Do This x What She Did to Lose Weight Stuns Doctors: Do This Daily Before Bed! x Drink This Before Bed, Watch Your Body Fat Melt Like Crazy x Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Several news stories bring back the issue of mind-body dualism with a vengeance.Hospital Finds Nothing but Air Where Part of Patient’s Brain Should Be (Breitbart News). Some people get accused of being airheads, but this case is real. Nate Church reports, “The remarkable cause of an 84-year-old man’s numerous minor symptoms when he came to the emergency room shocked his doctors.”It is not unusual for a man of such advanced years to experience muscle weakness or loss of balance, nor is it especially notable for them to suffer falls. But when the frequency of all three became concerning, the unnamed Irishman came to Causeway Hospital in Coleraine, Northern Ireland, for answers.Dr. Finlay Brown recalls the unique experience: “He was otherwise fit and well, independent with physical activities of daily living … and lived at home with his wife and two sons.” But after a CAT scan and MRI, it became immediately apparent that the man’s case was almost unprecedented; there was nothing but empty space where a large part of his brain should have been.Most of the patient’s right frontal lobe was instead an empty pocket of air.Can you think with air instead of brain tissue? Undoubtedly not, but this case illustrates the extreme plasticity of the brain to survive major trauma. Apparently a bone tumor in his sinuses created an opening like a one-way valve into his skull. Every time he sneezed or coughed, it pumped air into his brain. This went on for years until he was examined.Logic in babies (Justin Halberda in Science Magazine). New evidence shows that infants as young as 12 months possess the rudiments of logical thinking. A new paper by Cesana-Arlotti et al. in the same issue of Science, “Precursors of logical reasoning in preverbal human infants,” shows that “one essential form of logical inference, process of elimination, is within the toolkit of 12-month-old infants,” Halberda says. This leads to deep philosophical questions:Every scientific method requires a supporting logic. For Francis Bacon, this was unfettered empirical observation followed by induction (reasoning from many cases to form a general principle). Karl Popper stressed the importance of hypothesis testing and the ability to refute hypotheses found to be false (science as an extended instance of process of elimination). And Thomas Kuhn highlighted the dramatic changes that occur during scientific revolutions, in which wholly new models of phenomena are created through model building and abduction (sometimes called “inference to the best explanation”). Examples of such revolutions are the Copernican Revolution producing the heliocentric model of the solar system, and the Einsteinian Revolution of special relativity in which space and time become one. In each of these cases (induction, hypothesis testing, abduction), the work of science is supported by an underlying logic. No logic, no science.If infants possess rudiments of logical thinking, where did it come from? The latest paper adds to growing evidence of logical foundations in infancy, which is quite astonishing. “After all, it often feels like logical reasoning is effortful, conscious, and even linguistically based,” Halberda remarks. “These characteristics, if accurate, would seem to preclude the possibility that preverbal infants could engage in any such process.” Even without language, however, Cesana-Arlotti et al. showed with experiments that infants would express confusion or delight if objects were hidden and revealed in illogical or logical ways.Potentially even more exciting, infants also showed signs of making the necessary inferences along the way—for example, upon seeing which of the two objects was behind the wall, but before the cup’s contents were revealed, infants’ pupils dilated and they tended to shift their fixation to the cup (consistent with them inferring which object must be inside). This pattern suggests that infants used the information they had seen to reason through a disjunctive syllogism (A or B, not A, therefore B). There were also additional versions of these vignettes that manipulated the precise sequence of hiding and revealing, which allowed the authors to determine what specifically the infants were remembering and expecting during each moment.This is all pre-verbal inference, supporting the idea that logic is conceptual in nature and not dependent on language. Experiments with dogs and other animals show that they lack this kind of logical inference. Halberda concludes, “It is a thrilling time for us as scientists—using logical reasoning to understand how we reason logically.” He makes no attempt to explain how Darwinian evolution might have brought this about. See also the Science Daily summary of the experimental procedures and findings.Ravens, Crows, Parrots, and More—Meet the Most Intelligent Birds (National Geographic). In the previous article, Halberda stated, “The race to document the range of early logical abilities shared by infants, adults, and nonhuman animals, and to determine how these foundational abilities empower our broader capacities to reason, has begun.” But is there a difference between human and non-human logical ability? In this National Geographic article, Amelia Stymacks discusses bird brains, long subjected to ridicule, which are no bigger than a nut and presumably stupid. She discusses the smartest of the birds: ravens, crows, parrots and cockatoos, stating, “Their brains may be tiny, but birds have been known to outsmart children and apes.” Other “sleeper” birds like grackles, orioles and blackbirds might turn out to be brainier than thought.Bird intelligence seems to consist of puzzle-solving skill, such as the ability to make a tool to obtain food. Even chimps fail at some of the tests corvids and parrots solve. Birds are certainly impressive in their ability to navigate, signal, solve puzzles and remember things, but is this the same as logical reasoning? Stymacks doesn’t say. She also doesn’t explain how such abilities could have evolved, nor why small-brained birds should perform better than larger-brained chimpanzees. Scientists also cannot determine if any nonhuman animal is capable of abstract thought, morality (see 11 March 2018) or a logical chain of inference.Study tackles neuroscience claims to have disproved ‘free will’ (Medical Xpress). Materialists have made much of old experiments that seemed to deny the existence of human free will. This quote from North Carolina State University gives a cogent counter-argument, pointing out along the way the need for critical thinking before accepting claims. Incidentally, reasoning about this debate requires free will, doesn’t it?For several decades, some researchers have argued that neuroscience studies prove human actions are driven by external stimuli—that the brain is reactive and free will is an illusion. But a new analysis of these studies shows that many contained methodological inconsistencies and conflicting results.“Score one for skepticism of claims that neuroscience has proven—or disproven—any metaphysical position,” says Veljko Dubljevic, co-author of the paper and an assistant professor of philosophy at NC State who specializes in research on the neuroscience of ethics and the ethics of neuroscience and technology.“The problem is that neuroscientists in training are being taught these studies provide definitive proof of the absence of free will, and instructors aren’t being careful about looking at the evidence that supports the claims that are made,” Dubljevic says. “Teaching uncritical thinking like this in science courses is both unscientific and socially dangerous.”Neuroscientists identify brain circuit that integrates head motion with visual signals (University College London). We tend to think that following motion depends just on our eyes, but we also must process information about our own position. A context-dependent process in the brain integrates signals from the eyes and ears so that we know which way to turn our heads.As you go about daily life you are constantly moving your head to look around the world. In order to make sense of the information that falls within your gaze you need to keep track of the position of your head; this is accomplished with information that comes from your vestibular sense organs, which are in your inner ears. The research team identified a site in the primary visual cortex (area V1) where vestibular signals and visual signals converge and went on to determine that the vestibular signals come from the retrosplenial cortex, a brain area thought to encode information critical for spatial navigation through the surrounding world.Think of how quickly this occurs. When you hear a gunshot and turn your head to look where it came from, signals from several areas must travel in a finite time, converge, and be processed in that brief moment. “Perhaps the most surprising observation was the extent to which these signals were being represented across the local network,” Professor Troy W. Margrie remarked. “Despite exploring only a small fraction of vestibular stimulus space, almost all cells were found to respond.”Why the world looks stable while we move (Medical Xpress). A related article concerns experiments at the University of Tübingen to explore head-eye coordination. The world does not appear to roll or bounce, even when we run or walk with a bobbing motion. Video cameras catch the bouncing, as photographers know, even when using a gimbal. The brain, however, “corrects for any changes in visual information caused by head movements.” The brain can be tricked, though; “when visual stimuli and our perception of movement do not fit together, this balancing act in the brain falls apart.” Users of virtual reality headsets know the feeling; it can lead to motion sickness. The researchers are only on the verge of being able to understand how the brain corrects for the input errors from the senses. However it works, it appears to be a matter of software (programmed response), not hardware (neurons).Where did that noise come from? (Science Daily). Research at the Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich augments the above findings about sense perception. With our two ears, we have the ability to use parallax to locate the source of sounds. Experience helps us with familiar sounds, such as a baby’s cry or an ambulance, but what does the brain do with unfamiliar sounds? Are wec hearing a faint sound close by or a louder sound further away? The body’s response, which can be improved by training, is to move the head.Wiegrebe and his team set out to determine how our hearing system copes with this situation. The experiments were carried out in a non-reverberant chamber to ensure that the participants could not assess relative distances from the locations of sounds on the basis of echoes or reverberation. The experimental subjects wore blindfolding goggles and their head motions were monitored. They were seated facing two sound sources that could be positioned at different distances from the subject. One of the sources, chosen at random, emitted high-pitched and the other low-pitched sounds. The subjects’ task was to determine which of the sound sources was closer to them. “Participants who moved their upper bodies sideways — so that the sound sources were further to the right and then further to the left — were better able to estimate the distance between the sound sources. This result demonstrates that humans can use auditory motion parallax to estimate relative distances from sound sources,” Wiegrebe points out. In fact, subjects were able to do so even when the distance difference between the two sound sources was only 16 cm.How would the brain process alien music? (Science Daily). Speaking of unfamiliar sounds, how would the brain process alien music? A researcher at the Max Planck Institute created computer-composed mathematical sequences of tones to find out. Knowing that a region of the left brain above the temple (Broca’s area) was responsible for processing language, he hypothesized that a corresponding area in the right brain would process music. Musicians were invited to listen to the sequences made up of “randomly generated combinations of tone-triplets that were combined in a palindrome-like manner,” and determine which ones contained musical grammar that made sense. Sure enough, the right side that corresponds to Broca’s area was activated in MRI scans during the tests. “This suggests the task [of determining musical grammar] is accomplished through the integration of information in memory with some form of neural computation of the musical grammar in the right homologue of Broca’s area.”Space radiation more hazardous: Implications for astronauts and satellites (Science Daily). In the mind-body problem, all agree that the physical brain influences thoughts. The monist reduces thought to the physical brain, denying the separate existence of the mind. The dualist acknowledges both, while accepting that they interact in complex ways. This news item coming from the University of New Hampshire’s Space Science Center warns that space radiation is “much higher than thought,” with implications for astronaut safety: “Unshielded astronauts could experience acute effects like radiation sickness or more serious long-term health issues like cancer and organ damage, including to the heart, brain, and central nervous system.” Previous studies have shown that extended travel beyond earth’s safety shields (magnetic field and atmosphere) could lead to dementia (6 Jan 2013). Does this demonstrate that the mind is merely the brain? Not necessarily. To even ask the question, one must assume a “self” that understands the question and can contemplate answers that can endure even when brain cells are replaced. As for free will, Professor Alan Charles Kors demonstrated the problem in his course The Birth of the Modern Mind by merely commanding his arm to raise and doing it against the force of gravity. Then he could make his body disobey his mind by commanding it to rise up but making it move down. None of the above news articles are likely to help the materialist/monist view.Update 3/19/18: After this article was published, National Geographic posted an article, “Why the Brain-Body Connection Is More Important Than We Think” that is very much on topic. In a Book Talk piece, Simon Worrall interviews Alan Jasanoff, author of The Biological Mind. Jasanoff, a professor of biological engineering at MIT, denies dualism, relegating the soul to a reflection of biological activity not only of the brain itself, but of the whole body’s responses to internal and external environmental inputs. He describes his main point:This book is largely about two opposite ideas: the biological mind centered on the brain, in which influences from the rest of the body and outside the body shape what we think and do, and the cerebral mystique, a complex of stereotypes and ideals about the brain, which tend to treat it as an isolated and all-powerful entity, almost like a modern version of the soul.The problem with having a dualistic view of the brain and its relationship to the physical body, and the physical world, is that it makes us see ourselves as unnaturally self-contained, both as minds and as autonomous agents. In other words, we view ourselves as things that operate from within, so we’re less sensitive to things that influence us on the outside.There’s no question that our minds are influenced by inside and outside influences, including temperature, light and our own gut biota. But his explanation undercuts itself. We would have to conclude that Jasanoff is not an autonomous agent making rational statements he believes to be true about the brain. His words reduce to “mere” responses to environmental influences. He debases ‘mystical’ views, but then says, “The brain is a biotic organ, embedded in a continuum of natural causes and connections that together contribute to our biological minds.” How is his view of the mind not mystical itself? How does a biotic lump of tissue, subject to natural causes and connections, give rise to a mind capable of striving for truth with any credibility? He says in the concluding paragraph,My overarching theme is against narrow thinking. If we want to solve our problems, we shouldn’t reduce them to problems of the brain. We need to keep a broad view, which recognizes how the brain is connected both to the body and to the environment; and look for solutions wherever they happen to lie. Explaining human behavior in terms of brain function alone stems from a kind of mystical view of the brain and keeps us from advancing in a way that science can encourage us.Look at all the ‘should’ and ‘need’ words there. Is narrow thinking bad? Is a broad view good? How does a biotic brain decide that? How does a biological mind know that explaining things or finding solutions are mental activities worth striving for? His materialistic Pandora’s box has just let loose a swarm of questions about morality.Neurosurgeon Michael Egnor has written on the mind-body problem numerous times at Evolution News & Science Today. Readers will find it instructive to hear his arguments for dualism, such as “The Representation Problem and the Immaterialism of the Mind” (ENST 5 Feb 2018), “Free Will Denial and PreCrimes” (ENST 1 Feb 2018), “Naturalism and Self-Refutation” (ENST 31 Jan 2018) and others (search on his name on the front page under “Writers”). He also has spoken on the ID the Future podcast several times. Another author on the mind-body problem at ENST is Denyse O’Leary, co-author of The Spiritual Brain. A video interview by Lawrence Kuhn with philosopher David Chalmers on ENST is well worth reviewing (ENST 24 Aug 2012).Another good thinker on the mind-body problem and the necessity of reason and the validity of thought is C.S. Lewis. I recommend his essays “De Futilitate” and “The Poison of Subjectivism” in Christian Reflections for his own exposition of the argument from reason. The Discovery Institute’s book The Magician’s Twin has good essays expounding on Lewis’s views. See also the videos on the C. S. Lewis Channel on YouTube.Creation-Evolution Headlines has also written about the mind-body problem over the years, in articles such as “Who’s in Control: Your Brain or You?” (12 March 2010), “Let Your Mind Marvel at Its Brain” (5 Aug 2016), “You Are Free to Read This” (18 Sept 2016), and others (search on “Mind-Body Problem” in the search bar).(Visited 710 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
One of the more encouraging developments in the realm of green retrofits is the emergence of municipal programs designed to help homeowners cover the costs of audits and energy efficiency improvements.This spring, we saw Boulder County, Colorado, launch a loan program, called ClimateSmart, that is designed to provide low-cost financing for renewable-energy improvements. Similar programs also have been offered in the California cities of San Diego, San Francisco, and Palm Desert, and in Charlottesville, Virginia, and Albuquerque, New Mexico.As noted in a story published Wednesday by the Wall Street Journal, many states have adopted laws that allow municipal financing for energy efficiency improvements, and the federal stimulus bill removed a restriction that prevented homeowners who participated in local financing programs from receiving full federal tax credits for energy-related work. State tax credits also apply, which means a homeowner taking advantage of all tax credit programs now can reduce the final cost of, say, a solar installation by almost half.Greening a town on the AtlanticOne municipal financing initiative that has been gaining ground is Long Island Green Homes, a program offered by Babylon, New York, in Long Island’s Suffolk County. Participation in the program, which launched in October, is fairly straightforward: prospective participants are asked to fill out a “Self-Check Home Inventory Form,” which details energy-usage data, to determine whether their home qualifies for an energy audit. Audits and subsequent, program-authorized improvements are made by contractors certified by the Building Performance Institute.The cost of the retrofits, up to $12,000, are covered by loans made by the city, which homeowners pay off with most of the savings they’ll see on their utility bills. Loan contracts can be for 10 years or more.An audit program with similar goals, LI Green, began operating in Suffolk County and other parts of Long Island in 2008. LI Green has partnered with Stony Brook University, also based on Long Island, and Suffolk County Government and Bethpage Federal Credit Union to provide home energy audits, help homeowners who receive them contact a contractor (certified by BPI), and provide them with details about securing below-market financing. LI Green technicians also can offer guidance to homeowners who want to do the work themselves.So Long Island is becoming a hotbed of green retrofits. Who knew? Long Island Green Homes’ program director, Sammy Chu, told the Journal that 50 homeowners a month are calling the town to ask for audits, up from 10 to 12 when the program started. Most of those audits lead to work contracts, Chu said, noting that previously only 20% of audits would lead to actual work.
A Abeda Inamdar College (Estd: 1991); 2390-B, Hidayatullah Road, Pune-1; Tel: 020-26446970; Website: abedainamdarseniorcollege.org Acharya Narendra Dev College (Estd: 1991); Kalkaji, Govindpuri, New Delhi-19; Tel: 011-26412547/26294542; Website: andcollege.du.ac.in Agrawal P.G. College(Estd: 1957); Maharaja Agarsen Marg, near Sanganeri Gate, Jaipur-03; Tel: 0141-2614541; Website: agrawalp- gcollege.comAIIMS (Estd: 1956); Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-29; Tel: 011-26594622; Website: aiims.edu; Seats: 72; Cut off: Entrance test Amity Law School (Estd: 1999); F-1 Block, Sec-125, Noida-201303; Tel: 0120-4392681; Website: amity.edu;Seats: 160; Cut off: Entrance test Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre (Estd: 2002); Edappatthy, Kochi-26; Tel: 0484-4008031/2858031; Website: aimshospital.org; Seats: 100; Cut off: Entrance testArmed Forces Medical College (Estd: 1948); Sholapur Road, Pune-40;Tel: 020-26306000/ 26802216/26306055; Website: afmc.nic.in; Seats: 135; Cut off: Entrance test Army Institute of Law (Estd: 1999); Sec-68,Mohali-62; Tel: 0172-5039280/ 509536-38; Website: armyinstituteoflaw.org; Seats: 80; Cut off: Entrance test Asutosh College (Estd: 1916); 92, S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-26; Tel: 033-24554504; Website: asutoshcollege.inSeats: 800 in arts, 1,200 in science; Cut off: 65 per cent in science,60 per cent in arts Aurora’s Degree College(Estd: 1989) Chikkadpally, Hyderabad-20;Tel: 040-27662668;Website: aurora.edu.in Awadh Girls Degree College, University of Lucknow (Estd: 1958); No. 20-A, Vikram Adiyta Marg, Lucknow-1; Tel: 0522-2236291/ 2229470/3261084; Seats: 231 in arts; Cut off: 45 per cent in arts A.V. College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Estd: 1968); Gagan Mahal, Hyderabad-13;Tel: 040-23223159/27637751; Website: avcollege.in;Seats: 83 in arts, 220 in science, 340 in commerce Avanthi College (Estd: 1992);3-4-875/A/1, Barkatpura Bus Depot Road, Hyderabad-27;Tel: 040-66414448; Website: avanthicollege.ac.in; Seats: 456 in science; Cut off: 65 per centadvertisement B B.D. Arts College (Estd: 1956); City Campus, Opp. Vinubhai Tower, Lal Darwaja,,Ahmedabad-01; Tel: 079-22147181; Website: bdartscollege.org B.M. College of Commerce, (Estd: 1943); 845, Shivajinagar, Pune-04; Tel: 020-25654943/ 25650183/25676254; Website: bmcc.ac.in Badruka College of Commerce (Estd: 1950); Station Road, Kachiguda, Hyderabad-27; Tel: 040-24650597/24741610/24732832;Website: badruka.com Bangabasi College (Estd: 1896); 19, Rajkumar Chakraborty Sarani, Kolkata-09; Tel: 033-23605995; Website: bangabasi.org Bangalore Medical College (Estd: 1955); IMA Circle, K.R. Road, Fort, Bangalore-02; Tel: 080-26704342;Website: bangaloremedicalcollege.org; Seats: 150, Cut off: Entrance test Bangalore University for Legal Studies (Estd: 1993); R.V. Road, Basavanagudi, Bangalore-04;Tel: 080-26561072;Website: bhshes.org/bils;Seats: 60; Cut off: 60 per cent Barrackpore Rastraguru Surendranath College (Estd: 1953); 6, RiverSide Road & 85 Middle Road, Barrackpore, Kolkata-20;Tel: 033-25920603/8855/25945270;Website: brsnc.org Bethune College (Estd: 1879); 181, Bidhan Sarani, Beadon Street, Sovebazar, Kolkata-06; Tel: 033-22192097/22421731; Website: bethunecollege. ac.in; Seats: 185 in science, 175 in arts; Cut off: 70 per cent for science, 60 per cent for artsBharat Mata College (Estd: 1965), Thrikkakara, Kakkanad, Seaport Airport Road,Kochi-21; Tel: 0484-2425121; Website: bmc.ac.in Bhavan’s New Science College (Estd: 1956); DoorNo: 3-5-116 to 121, Near Old MLA Quarters, Opposite to Shalimar Function Hall, Narayanaguda, Hyderabad-29; Tel: 040-247548112/ 24750150; Website: newsciencecollege.org Bhavan’s College (Estd:1953); Near Andheri Sports Club, Andheri West, Mumbai-49;Tel: 022-26256451; Website: bhavans.info; Seats: 479 in science; Cut off: 65 per centBhawani Niketan Degree College (Estd: 1990); Sikar Road, Jaipur-12; Tel: 0141-2339753Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences (Estd: 1964); Vidya Vihar,Pilani-31, Tel: 0159-6242013/ 211; Website: bits-pilani.ac.in, Seats: 2,120; Cut off: Entrance testBMS College of Engineering (Estd: 1946); Bull Temple Road, Bangalore-19 Website: bmsce.in; Tel: 080-26622130-35B.M. College of Commerce (Estd: 1943); Agarkar Road, Deccan Gymkhana, Shivaji Nagar, Pune-04 Tel: 020-25654943/ 25650183/25676254 Website: bmcc. ac.in CC.U. Shah Science College (Estd: 1965); Near Gujarat Vidyapeeth, Ashram Road,Ahmedabad-14; Tel: 079-27642987; Website: cushahsciencecollege.org;Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj MedicalUniversity (Estd: 1911); Chowk, Lucknow-03, Tel: 0522-2257540; Website: kgmcindia.edu; Seats: 185; Cut off: Entrance test Christ College (Estd: 1969); Hossur Road, Bangalore-29; Tel: 080-40129301/40129012/40129100;Website: christ-college.edu Seats: 550 in arts, 1,050 in science; Cut off: 65 percent for arts, 80 per cent for science Christian Medical College, Vellore (Estd: 1942); Vellore-04, Tamil Nadu; Tel: 0416-2284202; Website: cmchvellore.edu; Seats: 60; Cut-off: Entrance test Christian Medical College, Ludhiana (Estd: 1894);Brown Road, Ludhiana-08; Tel: 0161-50105819/ 2610856/2601919; Website: cmcludhiana.org; Seats: 50;Cut off: Entrance testCity College of Commerce & Business Administration (Estd: 1939); 13, Surya Sen Street, Kolkata-12;Tel: 033-22196281/ 25588343 D DAV College (Estd: 1958); Sector-10, Chandigarh-11; Tel: 0172-2743980/2741708;Website: davchd.com; Seats: 225 in science, 569 in commerce; Cut off: 70 per cent for commerce, 70 per cent for scienceDAV Degree College (Estd: 1956); Pt. Ras Bihari Tiwari Marg, Lucknow-04; Website: davpglu.co.cc; Tel: 0522-3253109; Seats: 329 in science D.G. Ruparel College (Estd: 1952); Senapati Bapat Marg, Opp. Matunga Railway Station, Mahim, Mumbai-16; Tel: 022-24376971, Website: ruparel.edu; Seats: 480 in science, 240 in arts; Cut off: 45 per cent for science, 60 per cent for arts D.G. Vaishnav College (Estd: 1964); 833, Gokul Bagh, E. V. R. Priyar Salai, Arumbakkam Chennai-06; Tel: 044-24756655/ 24754349/24753008; Website: dgvaishnavcollege.com; Seats: 400 in science, 210 in arts; Cut off: 90 per cent for science, 60 per cent for artsadvertisement Delhi College of Arts and Commerce, (Estd: 1987); Netaji Nagar, Delhi-23; Tel: 011-24109821, 26116333 Website: dcac.du.ac.in;Seats: 194 in commerce Delhi Technical University (Estd: 1941); Bawana Road, Near Sector 7, Shahbad Daulatpur, Delhi-42; Tel: 011-27871018/42/23;Website: dce.ac.in; Seats: 910; Cut off: Entrance test Deshbandhu College (Estd: 1952); Kalkaji, Delhi-19; Tel: 26439565; Website:www.deshbandhucollege.ac.inSeats: 567 in science Dinabandhu Andrews College (Estd: 1956);54, Raja S. C. MallickRoad, Baishnabghata,Kolkata-84;Tel: 033-24304377;Website: dacollege.org E Elphinstone College (Estd: 1856); 156 M.G. Road, Fort, Mumbai-32; Tel: 022-22843797; Website: www.elphinstonecollege.in; Seats: 180 in science, 140 in arts, 480 in commerce; Cut off: 72 per cent for science, 70 per cent for arts, 80 per cent in commerce Ethiraj College for Women (Estd: 1948); No. 70, Ethiraj Salai, Egmore, Chennai-08; Tel: 044-28279189; Website: ethirajcollege.org; Seats: 211 in arts, 477 in science, 416 in commerce F Faculty of Law, Aligarh Muslim University (Estd: 1891); Quila Road, Aligarh-02; Tel: 0571-2720575/2902127; Website: amu.ac.in; Seats: 100Cut off: Entrance Test Faculty of Law, Banaras Hindu University (Estd: 1916); Varanasi-05; Tel: 0542-2369018/2575821; Website: bhu.ac.in; Cut off: Entrance Test Faculty of Law, Rohtak University (Estd: 1978); Rohtak-01; Tel: 01262-272436; Website: mdurohtak.com; Seats: 320; Cut off: Entrance Test; Faculty of Law, University of Delhi (Estd: 1924); Chhatra Marg, University of Delhi; Delhi-07, Tel: 011-27940296/ 27667483; Website: du.ac.in;Seats: 2,100; Cut off: Entrance Test Faculty of Law, University of Kolkata (Estd: 1909);51/1 Hazara Road, Ballygaunge Phari, Kolkata-19; Tel: 033-61462836/ 24614712;Website: caluniv.net.in; Seats: 100;Cut off: Entrance Test Faculty of Law, University of Mumbai, (Estd: 1857); M.G. Road, Fort, Mumbai-32; Tel: 022-22652819/2825;Website: mu.ac.in Faculty of Law, JamiaMillia Islamia University (Estd: 1989); Jamia Nagar,New Delhi-25; Tel: 011-26981717/ 3946; Website: jmi.nic.in; Seats: 80; Cut off: Entrance TestFergusson College (Estd: 1885); F.C. Road, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune-04; Tel: 020-25654212/25663336 /25675960; Website: fergusson.edu; Seats: 475 in arts, 884 in science; Cut off: 79 per cent for arts, 64 per cent for science GGargi College (Estd: 1967); Siri Fort Road, New Delhi-49; Tel: 011-26494544/ 26963409/26491490; Website: gargicollege.in; Seats: 460 in arts, 342 in science, 253 in commerce;Cut off: 70 per cent in arts, 92 per cent in commerce Goenka College of Commerce and Business Administration (Estd: 1905); 210 B.B. Ganguly Street, Bowbazar, Kolkata-12;Tel: 033-22412216/22192056; Website: gccbakol.org; Seats: 420; Cut off: 88 per centGokhale Memorial Girls’ College (Estd: 1938); 1/1, Harish Mukherjee Road; Kolkata-20; Tel: 033-22238287; Website: gokhalecollegekolkata.com; Seats: 191 in arts Government Collegefor Boys (Estd: 1953);Sector-11, Chandigarh-11; Tel: 0172-2747393; Website: gc11.ac.in Government College for Girls (Estd: 1956);Sector-11, Chandigarh-11;Tel: 0172-2740614/2580386; Website: gcg.org;Seats: 867 in arts, 288 inscience, 289 in commerce; Cut off: 50 per cent for arts, 65 per cent for science, 75 per cent for commerce Government Medical College (Estd: 1950); Thiruvananthapuram-11 ;Tel: 0471-2444270;Website: govtmedicalcollegetvm.net Grant Medical College (Estd: 1845); J.J. Road,Byculla, Mumbai-08;Tel: 022-23735555;Website: grantmedicalcollege-jjhospital.org; Seats: 200; Cut off: Entrance Test Gujarat Arts and Science College (Estd: 1869);Opposite Hotel Kanak, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad-06;Tel: 079-26477295;Website: gacc.in Gujarat National Law University (Estd: 2004);E-4, GIDC Electronics Estate, Sector-26, Gandhinagar-28; Tel: 079-23287157/58; Website: gnlu.ac.in;Seats: 160; Cut off: Entrance Test Guru Guru Govind Singh College for Women(Estd: 1973);Sector-26, Chandigarh-26;Tel: 0172-2792757/2791610;advertisementWebsite: ggscw.in Guru Nanak College(Estd: 1971); Velachery H Road, Guindy, Chennai-42;Tel: 044-22451746; Website:gurunanakcollege.edu.in H H.A. College of Commerce (Estd: 1956); Ellisbridge, Opp. Law Garden, Ahmedabad-06; Tel: 079-26445459 /26740481/9879025135; Website: hacollege.com; Seats: 600; Cut off: 75 per cent H.K. Arts College (Estd: 1955); AshramRoad, Ahmedabad-09; Tel: 079-26585429; Website: hkartscollege.in; Seats: 760; Cut off: 65 per cent H.K. Commerce College (Estd: 1968); Ashram Road, Ahmedabad-09; Tel: 079-26585429/26589961/ 65439212; Seats: 834;Cut off: 53 per cent H.R. College of Commerce and Economics (Estd: 1960), 123, Dinshaw Wachha Road, Churchgate, Mumbai-20; Tel: 022- 22876115/ 22042195/22021329; Website: hrcollege.edu; Seats: 960; Cut off: 77 per cent H.V. Desai College of Arts, Commerce And Science, 596, Bhudhwar Peth,Desai Brother’s, Vidyabhavan, Pune-02 Hansraj College (Estd: 1948); Mahatma Hans Raj College Marg, Malka Ganj, Delhi-07; Tel: 011-27667458/27667464/ 27667747; Website:www.hansraj college.com;Seats: 403 in arts, 656 in science, 208 incommerce; Cut off: 94.5 per cent for arts, 94.25per cent for commerceHazarimal Somani College of Arts & Science(Estd: 1938); 23/49, Kulapati, K.M. Munshi Marg, Mumbai-07;Tel: 022-23631261/ 23630265/ 23634462; Website: bhavans.info Heramba Chandra College (Day) (Estd: 1961);23/49, Gariahat Road, Kolkata-19; Tel: 033-24612689 Website: herambachandraadmissions.com Hidayatullah National Law University (Estd: 2003); Village-Uparwara, Teh-Abhanpur, New Raipur-61;Tel: 0771-3057603/04; Website: hnlu.ac.in; Seats: 90; Cut off:Common Law Admission Test (clatexam) Hindu College (Estd: 1899); University Enclave, North Campus, Delhi-06; Tel: 011-27666718; Website: hinducollege.org; Seats: 341 in arts, 83 in commerce, 515 in science; Cut off: 91 per cent for arts, 94 per cent for commerce, 91 per cent for science H.L. Institute of Commerce (Estd: 1936) H.L. Collegecampus, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad-09;Tel: 079-24262820/ 25326050; Website:hlinstitute.org;Seats: 520;Cut off: 78 per cent I ILS Law College(Estd: 1924), Law College Road, Chiplunkar Road, Pune-04,Tel: 020-25652402/ 25656775/25652366; Website: www.ilslaw.edu.Indian Institute of Information Technology (Estd: 1999), Deoghat, Jhalwa, Allahabad-12, Tel: 0532-2922000, Website: iiita.ac.in Indian Institute of Management and Commerce (Estd: 1973), Khairatabad, Hyderabad-04, Tel: 040-23237902/ 23231542, Website:iimchyderabad.com. Seats: 280; Cut off: 76 per centIndian Institute of Technology, Bombay (Estd: 1958); A.S. Marg, Powai, Mumbai-76; Tel: 022- 25722545/25767025;Website: iitb.ac.in; Seats: 1,886; Cut off: Entrance testIndian Institute of Technology, Delhi (Estd: 1963); Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16; Tel:011-26591770/ 1791;Website: iitd.ac.in;Seats: 677;Cut-off:Entrance test Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati (Estd: 1994); Amingaon, North Guwahati, Guwahati-39; Tel: 0361-2582006/2583000/09864033979; Website: iitg.ernet.in; Seats: 469; Cut-off: Entrance test Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (Estd: 1959); Nankari,Kanpur 16; Tel: 0512-2597578/ 7678/7385; Website: iitk.ac.in; Seats: 781; Cut off: Entrance test Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (Estd: 1951); Kharagpur-02; Tel: 03222-255303/282232; Website: iitkgp.ac.in; Seats: 1,000; Cut off: Entrance testIndian Institute of Technology, Madras(Estd: 1959); 44/A, G S T Road, Guindy, Chennai-36; Tel: 044-22578131/8030/ 8060; Website: iitm.ac.in; Seats: 800; Cut off: Entrance test Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (Estd: 1847); Roorkee-67, Tel: 01332-285714/270/ 209/907; Website: iitr.ac.in;Seats: 906; Cut off: Entrance testIndian School of Mines (Estd: 1926); Dhanbad-04; Tel: 0326-2296559/2296560/ 2296561/2296562;Website: ismdhanbad.ac.inSeats: 687; Cut off: Entrance test Indraprastha College for Women (Estd: 1924); 31, Shyam Nath Marg,Delhi-54; Tel: 011- 23953697/ 23962009/23974893; Website: ipcollege.org; Seats: 760 in arts Institute of Medical Sciences (Estd: 1960); Varanasi-05;Tel:0542-2367568/2369341/22367406; Website: bhu.ac.in; Cut off: Entrance test Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (Estd: 1957); 244 A, AJC Bose Road, Kolkata-20; Tel: 033-22235181/22041101 Website: ipgmer.gov.in Seats: 100; Cut off: Entrance test Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (Estd: 1919); Varanasi-05; Tel: 0542-6702024;Website: itbhu.ac.in; Cut off: Entrance testInternational College for Girls (Estd: 1995),Gurukul Marg, S.F.S., Mansarovar, Jaipur-20;Tel: 0141-2400160/ 2400161; Website: iisjaipur.org.Seats: 240 in arts, 400 in science, 600 in commerce;Cut off: 65 percent in arts,65 per cent in commerce,65 per cent in science International Institute of Information Technology (Estd: 1998), Gachibowli, Hyderabad-32; Tel: 040-23001967/69/ 66531000; Website: iiit.ac.in; Seats: 179,Cut off: Entrance test Isabella Thoburn College (Estd: 1886); 7 Faizabad Road, Vivekanandapuri, Nirala Nagar,Lucknow-07;Tel: 0522-2321107/2385793;Website: itcollege.ac.in; Seats: 459 in arts, 499 in science; Cut off: Entrance test for science J J.G. College of Commerce Asia Campus, Drive-In Road, Ahmedabad-54Tel: 079-26856448/26859986Website: jgeducationalcampus.net Jai Hind College (Estd: 1948); ‘A’ Road, Churchgate, Mumbai-20; Tel:022-22040256/22819504; Website:jaihindcollege.com; Seats: 257 in arts, 177 in science, 460 in commerce; Cut off: 60 per cent for arts, 80 per cent for commerce Jai Narain Degree College (Estd: 1946); Station Road, Lucknow; Tel: 0522-2635563 Website: jnpg.org Cut off: Entrance test Jawaharlal Institute ofPostgraduate Medical Education & Research (Estd: 1956); Dhanvantri Nagar, Puducherry-06,Tel: 0413- 2272901; Website: jipmer.edu.in Jesus & Mary College (Estd: 1968); Chanakyapuri, New Delhi-21; Tel: 011-26881945/26110041/ 26875400; Website: jmcdelhi.com; Seats: 592 in arts, 164 in commerce; Cut off: 92.25 per cent commerce Jogamaya Devi College (Estd: 1932); 92, S. P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-26; Tel: 033-64596218/19; Website: www.jogamayadevicollege.org Jyoti Nivas College (Estd: 1966); Koramangala Industrial Area, Bangalore-95 Tel: 080-25533886/ 25530137/25533886; Website: www.jyotinivas.org; Seats: 240 in arts, 350 in commerce; Cut-off: 55 per cent for arts, 78 percent for commerce K Kanoria PG Mahila Mahavidyalaya (Estd: 1965); J.L.N. Marg, Bapu Nagar, Jaipur-04; Tel: 0141- 2706672 Website: kanoriacollege.org; Cut-off: 60 per cent in science Kasturba Medical College (Estd: 1953); Madhavnagar, Manipal Post, Manipal-04; Tel: 0820- 2922367/2571114;Website: manipal.edu Seats: 250; Cut off: Entrance test Kasturba Gandhi Degree& PG College for Women (Estd: 1973); West Marredpally, Secunderabad, Hyderabad-26; Tel: 040-27802416/27707455; Website: kasturbagandhicollege.com Kelkar Education Trust’s Vinayak Ganesh Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Estd: 1884); Mithaghar Road, Mulund, Mumbai-81; Tel:022-21631421; Website: vazecollege.net Seats: 120 in science; Cut off: 68 per cent for science Kerala Law Academy Law College(Estd: 1967); Thiruvananthapuram-34; Tel:0471-306422/305931; Website: keralauniversity.edu Seats: 80;Cut off: Entrance test Kirori Mal College (Estd: 1954): North Campus, Delhi-07; Tel: 011-27667861; Website: kmcollege.com Kishinchand Chellaram College of Arts, Commerce and Science Dinshaw Wachha Road, Churchgate, Mumbai-20; Tel: 022-2855726; Website: kccollege.org.in K.J. Somaiya College of Arts, Science & Commerce (Estd: 1956): Vidyanagar, Vidyavihar, Mumbai-77; Tel: 022- 25118650/ 25115915; Website: somaiya.edu; Seats: 340 in arts, 477 in commerce, 528 in science; Cut off: 55 per cent for arts, 77 per cent for commerce, 60 per cent for science; K.K. Shah Jarodwala Maninagar Science College (Estd: 1975); Ramnagh, Maninagar, Ahmedabad-51; Tel: 079-25462060;Website: kksjmsc.comSeats: 551 KPB Hinduja Collegeof Commerce and Economics (Estd: 1974),315, New Charni Road, Mumbai-04; Tel: 022- 23889408/2413704;Website: hindujacollege.com; Seats: 1,451Cut off: 87 per cent Kristu Jayanti College (Estd: 1999); K. Narayanapura, Kothanur, Bangalore-77; Tel: 080-28465611/28465353/ 28465770; Website: kristujayanti.com L Lady Brabourne College (Estd: 1939); Park Circus, Kolkata-17; Tel: 030-22897720/22842071; Website: ladybrabourne. com; Seats: 285 in arts, 240 in science Lady Hardinge Medical College (Estd: 1916),Saheed Bhagat Singh Marg, New Delhi-01; Tel: 011-23343984;Website: lhmc.in; Seats: 150; Cut off: Entrance test Lady Shri Ram College for Women (Estd: 1956); Lajpat Nagar-IV, New Delhi-24; Tel: 011-26434459/ 26460400; Website: lsrcollege.org; Seats: 684 in arts, 57 in commerce;Cut off: 95.5 per cent for arts,95.25 per cent for commerce L.D. Arts College (Estd: 1937); Amrutlal Hargovandas Campus, commerce Six Road, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad-09; Tel: 079-26302260/26306619; Website: ldarts.org Seats: 520; Cut off: 65 per cent L.J. College of Commerce (Estd: 1937); Opposite Vastrapur Octroi Naka, Mahavir Society Satellite Area, Ahmedabad-15;Tel: 079-26742878 Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College (Estd: 1964); Sion, Mumbai-22;Tel:022-4076381;Website: ltmmc.in Loyola College (Estd: 1925); Sterling Road, Nungam-bakkam, Chennai-34;Tel: 044-28178300/8200; Website: loyolacollege.edu. Seats: 965 in arts, 1,306 in science, 726 in commerce; Cut off: 60 per cent for arts, 70 for science, 85 for commerce Loyola Academy Degree & P.G. College (Estd: 1976);Old Alwal, Secunderabad, Hyderabad-10; Tel: 040-27862363/27872367; Website: loyolaacademy.edu; Seats: 123 in arts, 157 in commerce, 355 in science; Cut off: 60 per cent for arts,science and commerce Lucknow Christian Degree College (Estd: 1888),Gola Ganj, Lucknow-18; Tel: 0522-2626958; Website: lcdc.edu.in; Seats: 594 in science; Cut off: Entrance test M Madras Christian College (Estd: 1837); Thambaram East, Chennai-59; Tel: 044-23390675/22395741; Website: mcc.edu.in; Seats: 589 in arts, 280 in commerce, 657 in science; Cut off: 45 per cent for arts, 60 per cent for commerce, 55 per cent for science Madras Medical College (Estd: 1835), Periyar Evr Salai, Park Town, Chennai-03; Tel: 044-25305238; Website: mmc.tn.gov.in; Seats: 165 Cut off: Entrance test Maharaja’s College (Estd: 1875), Park Avenue, Near Govt. Hospital, Kochi-11; Tel: 0484- 2352838/ 2363038; Website: maharajascollege.com; Seats: 427 in arts, 230 in science; Cut off: 65 per cent for arts, 70 per cent for scienceMaharani Arts College (Estd: 1949), Sheshadri Road, Mysore-01; Tel: 080-22257792/9845303555; Seats: 525 in arts;Cut off: 50 per cent Mahila Vidyalaya Degree College (Estd: 1939); Ganga Prasad Marg, Lucknow-18; Tel: 0522-2624534; Website: mahilavidyalaya.com Maulana Azad College (Estd:1960); 8, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Road, Kolkata-13; Tel: 033-22443737 /22982734; Website: maulanaazadcollege.org; Seats: 650 in arts; Cut off: 85 per cent for arts; Maulana Azad Medical College (Estd: 1959); Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi-02; Tel: 011- 23231478/26863889; Website: mamc.ac.in; Seats: 220;Cut off: Entrance test; Medical College and Hospital (Estd: 1835); 88, College Street, Kolkata-73; Tel: 033-22413929; Website: medicalcollege kolkata.org; Seats: 155;Cut off: Entrance test; Meenakshi College for Women (Estd: 1975); 363, Arcot Road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24; Tel: 044-24725466/ 24832507; Website: meenakshicollege.com; Seats: 432 in science Mehr Chand Mahajan DAV College for Women (Estd: 1968); Sector-36 A, Chandigarh-36; Tel: 0712-2624921/ 2603355; Website: www.mcmdavcw-chd.edu; Seats: 545 in arts, 235 in commerce, 254 in science; Cut-off: 75 per cent for arts, 97.8 per cent for commerce, 60 per cent for science MES College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Estd: 1956); 15th Cross, Malleswaram, Bangalore-03; Tel: 080-23347045/23341225; Website: www.mesinstitutions.org M.G. Science Institute (Estd: 1946); Sector-29, Gandhinagar, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad-29; Tel: 079-23234365/26300242; Website: mgscience.ac.in Miranda House (Estd: 1948), Patel Chest Marg, University of Delhi, Delhi-07; Tel: 011-27667367/27666983; Website: mirandahouse.ac.inSeats: 578 in arts, 382in science; Cut off: 90 per cent for arts, 88 per cent for science Mithibai College (Estd: 1961); Vile Parle (W), Mumbai-56;Tel: 022-26184354; Website: mithibai.svkm.ac.in, Seats: 400 in arts, 450 in science, 960 in commerce; Cut off: 62 per cent for arts, 60 per cent for science, 86 per cent for commerce MLA First Grade College for Women, 14th Cross Road, Malleswaram, Bangalore-03; Tel: 080-23340644 MOP Vaishnav College for Women (Estd: 1992), 20, IV Lane, Nungambakkam Highroad, Chennai-34, Tel: 044-23745865/24074839, Website: mop-vaishnav.ac.in, Seats: 130 in arts, 350 in commerce; Cut off: 75 per cent in commerce Motilal Nehru Institute of Technology (Estd: 1961); Teliarganj, Allahabad-Lucknow Road, Allahabad-04; Tel: 0532-2271152/720/101; Website: mnnit.ac.in; Seats: 670; Cut off: Entrance test Mount Carmel College (Estd: 1948), No 58, Palace Road, Vasanth Nagar, Bangalore-52; Tel: 080-22261759; Website: mountcarmelcollegeblr.co.in; Seats: 350 in arts, 500 in commerce, Cut off: 77 per cent for arts, 88 per cent for commerce; M.S. Ramaiah Junior and Degree College (Estd: 1962); MSRIT Post, MSR Nagar, Bangalore-54; Tel: 080-3600966/ 3446935; Website: msrcasc.org M.S. Ramaiah Medical College (Estd: 1979); MSRIT Post, MSR Nagar, Bangalore-54; Tel: 080-23605190/ 1852/ 23346228; Website: msrmc.ac.in, Seats: 150;Cut off: Entrance test Mulund College of Commerce (Estd: 1970); S.N. Road, Mulund, Mumbai-80; Tel: 022-21637400; Website: mccmulund.com;Seats: 600; Cut off: 84.8 per cent N Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics (Estd: 1964); Vile Parle (W), Mumbai-56; Tel: 022-2614- 3157/6681; Website: www.nmcce.svkm.ac.in ;Seats: 960;National Academy of Legal Studies and Research University (Estd: 1998); Justice City, Shameerpet, R.R. District, Hyderabad-78; Tel: 040-23498104/15; Website: nalsar.ac.in; Seats: 80; Cut off: Common Law Admission Test (clat exam) National College, Basavangudi (Estd: 1945); Vani Vilas Road, Basavangudi, Bangalore-04; Tel: 080- 26601927, 26674441; Website: nationalcollegebasavanagudi.org; Seats: 100 in arts; Cut off: 65 per cent for arts National College, Jayanagar (Estd: 1945), Jayanagar, 36th Cross, 2nd Main, 7th Block, Jayanagar, Bangalore-560082; Tel: 080-26549684;Website: nationalcollegejayanagar.org.Seats: 250 in science; Cut off: 50 per cent National P.G. College Mainpuri, Lucknow;Tel: 0522-2618312Website: npgclko.org National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra (Estd: 1962); Kurukshetra-19; Tel: 01744-233100/200; Website: nitkkr.ac.in National Institute of Technology, Surathkal (Estd: 1960); Srinivasanagar, Surathkal, Mangalore-25; Tel: 0824-2474034/036; Website: nitk.ac.in; Seats: 666; Cut off: Entrance test National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirapalli (Estd: 1964), Trihy, Duvakudi, Tiruchirapalli-15; Tel: 0431-2500177/370; Website: nitt.edu; Seats: 893; Cut off: Entrance test National Institute of Technology, Warangal (Estd: 1959); NIT Campus, Warangal-04; Tel: 0870-2459117/ 2468000/2462000; Website: nitw.ac.in; Seats: 805;Cut off: Entrance test National Law Institute University, Bhopal (Estd: 1998), Kerwa Dam Road, Bhopal-44; Tel: 0755- 2696717; Website: nliu.com; Seats: 82, Cut off: Common Law Admission Test (clat exam) National Law Institute University, Jodhpur (Estd: 2001); Pali Road, Jodhpur-04; Tel: 0291- 2577530/2551460/ 9829027701; Website: nlujodhpur.ac.in; Seats: 100; Cut off: Common Law Admission Test (clat exam) National Law School of India University (Estd: 1987); Nagarbhavi, Bangalore-72; Tel: 080- 23160532/33/ 23492646; Website: nls. ac.in; Seats: 80; Cut off: Common Law Admission Test (clat exam) National P. G. College (Estd: 1974) 2, Rana Pratap Marg, Hazratganj, Lucknow-01; Tel: 0522- 2618312, Website: npgclko.org; Seats: 400 in commerce; Cut off:78 per cent National University of Advanced Legal Studies (Estd: 2002), Kaloar, Kochi-17 Tel: 0484-2337363, Website: www.nuals.ac.in, Seats: 65Cut-off: Entrance exam Navyug Kanya Degree College Rajendra Nagar, Lucknow-04,Tel: 0522-2693298 2389672 Ness Wadia College of Commerce (Estd: 1969)19, V.K. Joagpath, Opposite central excise office, Pune-01; Tel: 020-26167024/25440122 Website: nesswadiacc. com, Seats: 2,068; Cut off: 70 per cent Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Mahila Government Degree College; Aliganj, Lucknow-10; Tel: 0522-2370006 Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Estd: 1983); Azad Hind Fauj Marg, Sector 3, Dwarka Mor, New Delhi-73; Tel: 011-25099023-37; Website: nsit.ac.in; Seats: 500; Cut off: Entrance test Nirma Institute of Technology (Estd: 1995); Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway, Ahmedabad-81; Website: nirmauni.ac.in; Tel: 2717-241900-04/241911-15; Seats: 634; Cut off: Entrance testNizam College (Estd: 1887); Basheerbagh, Hyderabad-01; Tel: 040-23234231/23234231; Website: osmania.ac.in; Seats: 220 in arts, 316in science; Cut off: 87 percent for arts, 95 per cent for science NMKRV College for Women (Estd:1971); 3rd Block, Jayanagar, Bangalore-11; Tel: 080-6637042/6340116; Website: rsst-nmkrvcollege.net Nowrosjee Wadia College (Estd: 1932); 19, Late Principal V. K. Joag Path, Pune-01; Tel: 020-26169000/26162944/ 26169108; Website: nowrosjeewadia.com; Seats:1,000 in arts, 480 in science; Cut off: 55 per cent for arts O Osmania Medical College (Estd: 1915); Kothi, Hyderabad-01; Tel: 040-24656992/ 27762108/24656992; Website: osmania.ac.in; Seats: 100; Cut off: Entrance test PPragati Maha Vidyalaya (Estd: 1973); 4-3-148,Hanuman Tekdi, Kandaswamy Lane, Hyderabad-95, Tel: 040-47537684/753887;Website: pragatimahavidyalaya.in Presidency College Chennai (Estd: 1840); Kamrajnagar Salai, Chennai-76; Tel: 044-28510732/ 28550834; Website: presidencychennai.com;Seats: 950 in arts, 230 incommerce,337 in science;Cut off:72 per cent foscience,80 per centfor commerce Presidency College,Kolkata (Estd: 1817); 86/1, College Street, Kolkata-73;Tel: 033-22412738/22411960; Website: presidencycollegekolkata.ac.in ; Seats: 250 in arts PSG College of Technology (Estd: 1951); Avanash Road, Peelamedu, Coimbatore-04; Tel: 0422-2573833/2572177/ 4344777;Website: psgtech.edu Q Queen Mary’s College (Estd: 1914); Mylapore, Chennai-04; Tel: 28445910 /28444995; Website:queenmarys.net; Seats: 628 in science, 180 in commerce; |Cut off: 55 per cent for science, 90 per cent for commerce R Raja Bahadur Venkata Rama Reddy Women’s College (Estd: 1954): 3-4-527, Narayanaguda, Hyderabad-27; Tel: 040-27564660, 27551026, 27564296; Website: rbvrrwomenscollege.netRajasthan College(Estd: 1957); College Campus; Jaipur-04; Tel: 0141-2710565Website: rcew.ac.in Ramjas College (Estd: 1917); Maurice Nagar, University Enclave, University ofDelhi, Delhi-07; Tel: 011-27667693/ 27667706/ 27667692; Website:ramjascollege.edu; Seats: 444 in arts, 1,555 in science, 162 in commerce; Cut off: 80 per cent for arts, 85 per cent for science, 94 per cent for commerceRani Birla Girls College(Estd: 1961); 38, Shakespeare Sarani-19; Kolkata-17; Tel: 033-22875509; Website: rbgc.in R.A. Podar College of Commerce and Economics(Estd: 1941); Matunga East, Mumbai-19; Tel: 022-24020439; Website: rapodar.ac.in; Seats: 840; Cut off: 88 per cent S Sacred Heart College (Estd: 1944); Thevara Road, Kochi-13; Tel: 0484-2663813/ 2663002;Website: shcollege.ac.in;Seats: 140 in arts, 140 in commerce, 526 in science; Cut-off: 90 per cent for arts, 95 per cent for commerceSardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (Estd: 1961); Surat-07; Tel: 0261-2223371-74;Website: svnit.ac.in;Cut-off: Entrance test Sarojini Naidu College for Women, Opp Post Office Lane, Street No 6 & 7, Chikkadpally, Hyderabad-20; Tel: 040-27662691/27651035 School of Legal Studies, Cochin University of Science and Technology (Estd: 1994); Kalamassery, Kochi; Tel: 0484-2575465; Website: sls.cusat.ac.in; Seats: 36; Cut off: Entrance test Scottish Church College (Estd: 1830); No.3, Urquahart Square, Kolkata-06; Tel: 033-235003862/ 23514528/23505207; Website: scottish church.ac.in; Seats: 305 in arts, 405 in science;Cut off: 65 per cent for arts,80 per cent for science Seshadripuram College(Estd: 1973);Sheshadripuram, Bangalore-20;Tel: 080-22955354 /9972096553; Website:scpucbangalore.comSeats: 400 in commerce;Cut off: 70 per cent Seth Anandaram Jaipuria College (Estd: 1945); 10, Raja Nabakrishna Street; Kolkata-05; Tel: 033-23553647Website: jaipuriacollegekolkata.com Seth G.S. Medical College (Estd: 1926); Parel, Mumbai-12; Tel: 022- 24136051; Website: kem.edu; Seats: 180; Cut off: Entrance test Shia Degree College (Estd: 1922), Sitapur Road, Khadra, Lucknow-07; Tel:0522-2369331; Website: shiapgcollege.org Shri Bhagawan Mahaveer Jain College (Estd: 1990): 34, 1st Cross, J.C. Road, Bangalore-02; Tel: 080-43430105/ 43430100; Website: jaincollege.ac.in; Seats: 120 in arts 1,000 in commerce; Cut off: 62.5 per cent for arts, 75 per cent in commerce Shri Guru Gobind Singh College (Estd: 1966); Sector 26, Chandigarh-19; Tel: 0712-2792754/2790312;Website:sggscollege.ac.in Shri Shikshayatan College (Estd: 1955); 11 Lord Sinha Road, Theatre Road, Kolkata-71; Tel: 033-22826033/ 22827296; Website: shrishikshayatancollege.com; Seats: 311 in arts, 538 in commerce; Cut off: 50 per cent for arts, 88 per cent in commerce Shri Ram College of Commerce (Estd: 1926); Maurice Nagar, University Enclave, University of Delhi, Delhi-07; Tel: 011- 27667905/27666519; Website: srcc.edu; Seats: 583; Cut off: 94.75 per cent Shri Sathya Sai College for Women (Estd: 1974); Sector 2, Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur-04; Tel: 0141-2653792/ 2653730; Website: saicollege-jaipur.org; Seats: 50 in arts; Cut off: 48 per cent in arts Shri Umiya Arts and Commerce College for Girls (Estd: 1955); Umiya Campus, Sarkhej-Gandhinagar highway, Sola, Ahmedabad-60; Tel: 079-27491011 Website: umiyakvcedutrust.org SIES College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Estd: 1960); Jain Society, Sion, West Mumbai-22; Tel: 022-24072729; Website: siesascs.net Seats: 352 in science; Cut off: 55 per cent Sir Parshurambhau College (Estd: 1916); Tilak Road, Lokmanya Nagar, Pune-30; Tel: 020-24332479 / 24331978/ 24336572/ /9881071213; Website: spcollegepune.org Seats: 373 in arts, 476 in commerce, 405 in science Cut off: 60 per cent in arts, 59 per cent in commerce, 55 per cent in scienceSivanath Sastri College (Estd: 1961); 23/49 Gariahat Road, Golpark, Kolkata-29; Tel:033-24834869/24612689; Website: sivanathsastricollege.com; Seats: 450 in commerce; Cut off: 68 per centSophia College for Women (Estd: 1941), Bhulabhai Desai Road, Mumbai-26; Tel: 022-23512643/ 23512642/23523304; Website: sophiacollegemumbai.com; Seats: 400in arts, 120 in scienceSri Guru Gobind Singh College of Commerce (Estd: 1984); Pitampura, Delhi-34 Tel: 011-27321815; Website: sggscc.ac.in;Seats: 381; Cut off: 90.5 per cent Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute (Estd: 1985)’ Ramachandra Nagar, Porur, Chennai-16, Tel:044-24765512 Website: srmc.edu, Seats: 150, Cut off: Entrance test Sri Venkateswara College (Estd: 1961); Benito Jaurez Road, Dhaula Kuan, New Delhi-21; Tel: 011-24118590/ 24112196; Website: svcollege.net; Seats: 372 in arts, 723 in science, 179 in commerce; Cut off: 85 per cent in arts, 91 per cent for science, 93.5 per cent for commerce S.S. Subodh Jain College (Estd: 1954),Ram Bagh Circle, Jaipur-04; Tel: 0141-2565989/2573287; Website: subodhpgcollege.com; Seats: 1,152 in commerce, 451 in science; Cut off: 70 per cent for commerce, 60 per cent for science St. Albert’s College (Estd: 1946); Banerji Road, Ernakulam, Kochi-18; Tel:0484- 2394225/2665184/ 2391245; Website: alberts.ac.in; Seats: 87 inarts, 260 in science, 60 in commerce; Cut off: 81 per cent for arts, 73 per cent for science, 91 per cent in commerce St. Ann’s Degree Collegefor Women (Estd: 1983); Santoshnagar Colony, Mehdipatnam, Hyderabad-28; Tel: 040-23513020/7919; Website: stannscollegehyd.com; Seats: 128 in arts, 49 in science; Cut off: 50 per cent for artsSt. Francis College for Women (Estd: 1959); St. No. 6, Uma Nagar, Begampet, Hyderabad-16; Tel: 040-23403200/23413611/ 23418308; Website: stfranciscollege.ac.in; Seats: 150 in arts, 260 in commerce; Cut off: 70 per cent for arts, 85 per cent for commerce St. John’s Medical College (Estd: 1963); Sarjapur Road, Koramangala, Bangalore-34; Tel: 0495-22065031/53; Website: stjohns.org.in; Seats: 60; Cut off: Entrance testSt. Joseph’s College (Estd: 1882); 36, Lalbagh Road, Bangalore-27, Tel: 080-22211429/22274079; Website: sjc.ac.in; Seats: 270 in arts, 375 in commerce; Cut off: 65 per cent for arts, 70 for commerce St. Joseph’s College (Estd: 1997); 5-9-1106, King Koti Road, Hyderabad-29; Tel: 040- 23234860/2323 1769; Website: josephspgcollege.ac.in; Seats: 400 in commerce; Cut off: 60 per cent St. Mira’s College for Girls (Estd: 1962 ); 6, Koregaon Road, Pune-01; Tel: 020-26126564/ 26124846; Website: miracollege. net; Seats: 187 in arts St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College (Estd: 1864); 33/1 Raja Rammohan Roy Sarani (formerly Amherst Street); Kolkata-09, Tel: 033-23503682; Website: stpaulscmcollege.orgSt. Stephen’s College (Estd: 1881); University Enclave, University of Delhi, Delhi-07; Tel: 011-47667462; Website: ststephens.eduSeats: 230 in arts, 220 in science; Cut off: 95 per cent for science St. Teresa’s College (Estd: 1925); Park Avenue Road, Ernakulam, Kochi-11; Tel: 0484-2352197/22620661/ 2351870; Website: teresas.ac.in; Seats: 347 in arts, 64 in commerce, 322 in science; Cut off: 70 per cent for arts, 95 per cent for commerce, 60 per cent for science St. Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad (Estd: 1955); Navrangpura, University Road, Ahmedabad-09; Tel: 079-26308057/ 26300836; Website: stxavierscollege.net Seats: 280 in arts, 381 in science; Cut off: 60 per cent for arts, 44 per cent for science St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata (Estd: 1860); 30, Park Street, Kolkata-16, Tel: 033- 22877278/22801927/ 22551205; Website:sxccal.edu; Seats: 248 in arts, 1,000 in commerce, 452 in science; Cut off: 91 per cent for commerce St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai (Estd: 1869); 5, Mahapalika Marg, Mumbai-01; Tel: 022- 22620661/22620662;Website: xaviers.edu; Seats: 360 in arts, 360 in science; Cut off: 89 per cent for arts, 50 per cent for science Stani Memorial P. G. College, IIRM Campus,Tagore Marg, Agarwal Farm, Mansarovar, Jaipur; Tel: 0141-2397563, 2395402, 2397551, 2396648; Website: smc.ac.in; Seats: 102 in science; Cut off: 68 per cent Stanley Medical College (Estd: 1938); Old Jail Road, MINT, Near Artys College, Chennai-01; Tel: 044-25281351; Website: stanmed.net; Seats: 150; Cut off: Entrance test Stella Maris College (Estd: 1947); No.17; Cathedral Road Chennai-86; Tel: 044-28111987/951; Website: stellamariscollege.org; Seats: 337 in arts, 402 in science, 264 in commerce; Cut off: 60 per cent for arts, 75 per cent for science, 95 for commerce Symbiosis Society’s Law College, (Estd: 1977); Senapati Bapat Road, Pune-04; Tel: 020-25655114/3943; Website: symlaw.ac.in; Seats: 219; Cut off: Symbiosys Entrance test Symbiosis Societys College of Arts & Commerce (Estd: 1983); Senapati Bapat Road, Pune-04; Tel: 020-256539- 0325430547/25657243; Website: symbosiscoll- ege.org; Seats: 109 in arts, 790 in commerce; Cut off: 50.17 for arts, 86.8 for commerce T Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University (Estd: 1997); 5 P.S. Kumaraswami Raja Salai, Poompozhil, R.A. Puram, Chennai-04; Tel: 044-25340907/ 24641919; Website: tndalu.orgThapar University (formerly Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology) (Estd: 1956); Patiala-04, Tel: 0751-2393021; Website: thapar.edu; Seats: 720; Cut off: Entrance testThe Cochin College (Estd: 1967); Kochi-02; Tel: 0484-2224954, Website: thecochincollege.org The Oxford College of Science (Estd: 1994); 40, 1st Phase, J.P. Nagar, Bangalore-78; Tel: 080-26552500-04/9341314101; Website: theoxford.edu The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (Estd: 1999); 12 L.B. Block,Salt Lake, Kolkata-98; Tel: 033-23357379 Website: nujs.edu; Cut off: Common Law Admission Test (clat exam) U University College of Law, Bangalore University (Estd: 1948), Jnana Bharati Campus, Bangalore-56, Tel: 080-23392384/22961178, Website: bub.ernet.in, Seats: 92; Cut off: 70 per cent University College of Law, Osmania University (Estd: 1960); Near O.U. Campus, O.U. Road, Oppal, Hyderabad-81;Tel: 040-27098928/ 27682368; Website: osmania.ac.in University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital (Estd: 1971), Dilshad Garden, Delhi-95; Tel: 011-22582106/ 2972/22357788; Website: ucms.ac.inSeats: 150; Cut off: Entrance test V Vellore Institute of Technology (Estd: 1984); Katpadi, Vellore-14; Tel: 0416- 2243100/091; Website: vit.ac.in; Seats: 2,568; Cut off: Entrance test Vivekananda College (Ramakrishna Mission ) (Estd: 1946); 70 & 72, P.S.Sivaswami Salai,Mylapore, Chennai-04; Tel: 044-24993057/ 24996134; Website: rkmvc.ac.in; Seats: 140 in arts, 140 in commerce; Cut off: 90 per cent forarts and commerce WWilson College (Estd: 1829); Chowpatty Seaface Road, Mumbai-07; Tel: 022-23637663/42134343/301/302/308; Website: wilsoncollege.edu Women’s Christian College (Estd: 1915); College Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai-06; Tel: 033-28275926/28222567 /28276798; Website: wcc.edu.in; Seats: 665 in science, 268 in arts, 194 in commerce, Cut off: 70 per cent for science, 90 per cent for commerce The information may not be complete for all colleges
With an expectation of over 25,000 participants coming from over 100 countries competing in 28 different sports, the 2009 World Masters Games will be the largest multi-sport event in the world. Touch Football will be one of the sports being contested at the Games with age categories ranging from 30+ to 60+ and with Mens, Womens and Mixed divisions being available. This presents a great opportunity, not only for current Touch Football participants, but for all Australians to compete against people from all over the world in the exciting sport of Touch. Touch Football Australia is enthusiastic to see a large number of teams flying the banner high. Please download the document below for all of the details surrounding the Touch Football event. To go to the World Masters Games website, please follow the link www.2009worldmasters.com.Games registrations are open until Friday 31 July, 2009.Related Files2009_world_masters_games_-_touch_football-pdf
MADISON, WI – NOVEMBER 18: Head coach Jim Harbaugh of the Michigan Wolverines watches action during a game against the Wisconsin Badgers at Camp Randall Stadium on November 18, 2017 in Madison, Wisconsin. (Photo by Stacy Revere/Getty Images)Wednesday night, Tennessee head coach Butch Jones joked on Twitter about joining Arkansas’ Bret Bielema and Michigan State’s Mark Dantonio to watch Michigan’s open practice in Florida. Mind if I join you guys for lunch? @DantonioMark @BretBielema— Butch Jones (@UTCoachJones) March 2, 2016Harbaugh, who has already subtweeted Georgia head coach Kirby Smart, responded to Jones in surprisingly strong fashion today on Twitter. He blasted the Vols’ head coach, taking a not-so-thinly veiled shot at the various off-field issues the UT program has been dealing with all off-season. Suggestion to my Rocky Top colleague, rather than lunch in Florida you might spend your time and focus attending to your present team.— Coach Harbaugh (@CoachJim4UM) March 3, 2016Harbaugh certainly knows how to cause a stir and keep his name and program in the news. It’ll be interesting if Jones goes back at him.
Mayoral hopeful Bill Smith is speaking out about the controversy concerning a new Calgary arena.Smith said it would be good for Calgary, but it has to be the right deal.“If the deal makes sense for Calgarians then I think it’s a great thing to have. But I tell you what’s most important at this point in time, I believe this is now become an issue with the integrity of our mayor going forward and I think that’s the biggest election issue we’ve got,” he said.Smith said if he were mayor he would be straight up with Calgary Sports and Entertainment and update residents.He said we’ve not seeing anything like that so far.Mayor Naheed Nenshi said Wednesday the city is still willing to negotiate with the Flames, despite CEO Ken King’s surprising announcement to pull out.He also said he’d have to take King at his word that the move was not related to the upcoming municipal election.
TORONTO – Two groups of Indigenous Ecuadorian villagers, backed by some star power from legendary British rocker Roger Waters, faced off briefly against oil giant Chevron in a Canadian court Tuesday as they fight to collect on a US$9.5-billion judgment awarded to them.But as with almost every other step of the long-running legal battle, the case was delayed a day at the request of one of the groups to allow their new lawyer to get up to speed.The first issue Ontario’s top court needs to sort out is whether the villagers must come up with almost $1 million as a security deposit before they can appeal a ruling that went against them.Pink Floyd co-founder Waters, who was in the courtroom, called the case deeply important.“It’s a fundamental question of whether corporations like Chevron … should be allowed to use their financial muscle to destroy people with an absolute vital claim to reparations for damages that was caused to them over many years,” Waters said before the hearing. “The way Chevron has behaved here is against everything that any of us might believe society ought to be like.”The case dates back decades when Texaco, now owned by Chevron, dumped billions of litres of toxic oil-drilling waters into hundreds of open-air pits in Ecuador. According to the plaintiffs, the affected area sees, among other problems, the highest rates of childhood leukemia in the country and far more cancer deaths and miscarriages than elsewhere.Chevron calls the health concerns a “point of debate,” saying there’s no evidence to tie any issues to Texaco.The lawsuit, filed in 1993 on behalf of 30,000 Ecuadorians, took until late 2013 when the courts in Ecuador awarded the Indigenous plaintiffs US$9.5-billion — one of the largest awards ever arising from environmental destruction.The ruling, which Chevron argued was obtained fraudulently, sparked new rounds of fighting in several countries, including the United States. U.S.-based Chevron, which has also long argued Texaco cleaned up the mess, denies any responsibility for the contamination.Because the corporation no longer has assets in Ecuador, the plaintiffs have been trying to get asset-rich Chevron Canada to pay up instead, arguing the Canadian company should be liable.“The judgment that they are trying to enforce through Canada’s judicial system has been found to be a complete fraud in the United States by the U.S. judicial system where it is not enforceable,” Morgan Crinklaw, a spokesman for Chevron, said Tuesday from near San Francisco.An Ontario judge earlier backed Chevron, ruling the Ecuadorians could not “pierce the corporate veil:” Chevron Canada is a separate entity and cannot be held liable. It is that decision the plaintiffs are looking to the Ontario Court of Appeal to overturn, but Chevron wants the villagers to put up cash as security for its legal costs before the appeal is heard.Last month, Appeal Court Justice Gloria Epstein sided with Chevron. She accepted the grounds for the Ecuadorians’ appeal were weak and that the plaintiffs had failed to show they couldn’t afford the security money. She ordered the villagers to put up $945,000 to cover Chevron’s legal costs if the oil company wins on appeal.The plaintiffs, who decried Chevron’s gambit as an abuse of the legal system and another attempt to thwart the villagers, want the Appeal Court to set aside Epstein’s costs ruling.The two sides were to argue the case Tuesday, but lawyer Peter Grant asked for an adjournment, saying he had recently been asked to represent 10 of the 47 Ecuadorian plaintiffs and needed time. The costs hearing will now be heard Wednesday.Also on hand to show support for the villagers was Phil Fontaine, former national chief of the Assembly of First Nations. Fontaine, who recently visited the South American country, said he was dismayed by what he found.“We saw with our own eyes the terrible conditions,” Fontaine said. “This is an important step in their attempt to seek justice.”