More From Our Partners Kansas coach fired for using N-word toward Black playerthegrio.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgFans call out hypocrisy as Tebow returns to NFL while Kaepernick is still outthegrio.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgColin Kaepernick to publish book on abolishing the policethegrio.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgLA news reporter doesn’t seem to recognize actor Mark Currythegrio.comA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comSupermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child supportnypost.comFort Bragg soldier accused of killing another servicewoman over exthegrio.comI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comPorsha Williams engaged to ex-husband of ‘RHOA’ co-star Falynn Guobadiathegrio.comKamala Harris keeps list of reporters who don’t ‘understand’ her: reportnypost.comMan on bail for murder arrested after pet tiger escapes Houston homethegrio.comMark Eaton, former NBA All-Star, dead at 64nypost.comFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.com Share CITY MOVES | WHO’S SWITCHING JOBS Show Comments ▼ whatsapp Tuesday 4 January 2011 7:15 pm KCS-content Tags: NULL PricewaterhouseCoopersPwC has appointed a new technology leader in the UK: Jass Sarai. He will be replacing Barry Murphy, who has been the company’s technology leader in Britain for the last two years. Sarai has worked on the technology sector for the last decade, having joined PwC straight from university, and will now be responsible for leading the analysis of new opportunities in the sector for the company’s clients. He has worked in Birmingham, the US and now London.RBC Capital MarketsThe corporate and investment banking arm of the Royal Bank of Canada has made a new appointment, hiring Carlo Mareels as a director and senior financials credit analyst in its European credit research team. He will report to Roger Appleyard and will be based on London. He joins the company with over a decade’s experience in the financials industry. Most recently, he has worked at HSBC, covering European banks and previously he worked at Morgan Stanley.J O Hambro Capital ManagementThe boutique investment firm has added two new European equity fund managers, Trygve Toraasen and Carlos Moreno, ahead of the launch of its European dynamic growth fund next month. Both recruits come from Thams River Capital, where they were managing an equivalent fund focused on dynamic growth in European region. Toraasen has also worked at Fidelity for 14 years, while Moreno worked there for 15 years, rising from research analyst to fund manager.Electra Private EquityElectra has appointed a new non-executive director: Geoffrey Cullinan. He has previously been a director at Bain & Company from 1997 to 2005 and founded their private equity business in Europe. Cullinan has also been a chief executive of Hamleys and a non-exec of Datamonitor. He also co-founded OC&C Strategy Consultants in 1986.National Institute of Economic and Social ResearchThe NIESR has appointed a new director: Jonathan Portes, currently chief economist at the Cabinet Office. He will take over on 1 February. He replaces Martin Weale, who has been appointed to the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee.Ascent ResourcesThe AIM-listed oil and gas firm has appointed Scott Richardson Brown as a full-time executive finance director. He replaces Simon Cunningham, who is moving to Australia. whatsapp
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter “Over the last few days, we tried incredibly hard to find a solution that allows us to stay operational.” The business said that following these events, it was unable to acquire funding it expected to receive. “The whole sector has been shaken by recent events,” it said. “As a result, over the last few days, we have suffered significant setbacks. Player trading platform Footstock has surrendered its British remote betting license and will enter insolvency proceedings, two weeks after rival Football Index announced it would enter administration. “Expected and necessary funding being put on ice, we can no longer run our Seedrs campaign and valuable partners are pausing cooperations. These unprecedented circumstances have crushed our company in this crucial period of growth. But without funding, Footstock cannot survive. Regions: UK & Ireland Licensing 26th March 2021 | By Daniel O’Boyle Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter The business billed itself as a combination of a player trading platform such as Football Index, fantasy football and EA Sports’ Fifa Ultimate Team game. Footstock gives up British gambling licence after Football Index collapse Topics: Legal & compliance Sports betting Licensing Sports betting regulation Tags: Gambling Commission Football Index Footstock In an announcement to players, Germany-based Footstock said the reason for its collapse was due to effects across the sector following events at Football Index, which collapsed earlier this month. While Footstock keeps customer funds separate from its own business accounts, there is no extra protection around these funds in the event of insolvency. Email Address
Union Dicon Salt PLC (UDS.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Food sector has released it’s 2018 interim results for the first quarter.For more information about Union Dicon Salt PLC (UDS.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Union Dicon Salt PLC (UDS.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Union Dicon Salt PLC (UDS.ng) 2018 interim results for the first quarter.Company ProfileUnion Dicon Salt Plc processes and markets crude salt in Nigeria for the industrial and agricultural sectors. The company’s head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Union Dicon Salt Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Crazy investors are partying like it’s 1999. But I’d buy this FTSE 100 stock today! I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Image source: Getty Images Cliffdarcy has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. See all posts by Cliff D’Arcy I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. There’s been a lot of market madness going on recently. Euphoric day-traders have been piling into volatile and beaten-down stocks, hoping to make a quick buck. But serious investors should hunt out bargains in the FTSE 100.Everybody HertzOne of the most bizarre trades I’ve seen in 34 years as an investor is happening in America. Day-traders – fuelled by commission-free trading – have piled into the stock of car-rental firm Hertz.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…In the past two weeks, Hertz stock has been on a roller-coaster ride, plunging as low as $0.56 and soaring as high as $5.53. At the current price of $1.40, Hertz’s equity is worth just $200m. That’s a tiny valuation for a market leader in any field, especially for a household name that has been renting out cars since 1918.Why the boom, when Hertz is bust?There’s one problem with this trading frenzy: Hertz filed for bankruptcy protection in a US court on 22 May. This buys the company time to negotiate with its creditors and restructure nearly $19bn of debt.I suspect that Hertz’s stock volatility has been driven by frenzied day-traders and algorithmic trading. But one thing is clear: with Hertz bankrupt and its corporate bonds trading at large discounts to par values, the stock is worthless.In US corporate history, hundreds of major companies have gone bankrupt, later to emerge phoenix-like with reduced debt burdens. But when lenders and bondholders take haircuts or swap debt for equity, shareholders get completely wiped out. That’s kind of how bankruptcy works.This FTSE 100 firm should prosper post- pandemicAlthough Hertz was the #1 name in car rentals, this didn’t prevent it from going bust. When highly leveraged companies try and fail to raise fresh capital from shareholders, bondholders and lenders, then bankruptcy is often inevitable.Which brings me to the UK market. A number of FTSE 100 businesses hit equally hard by coronavirus have successfully raised capital from their shareholders. Take FTSE 100 firm Whitbread (LSE: WTB), owner of the hugely popular Premier Inn budget-hotel chain.Following the sale of its Costa coffee chain for £3.9bn in 2018, Whitbread became financially stronger than many rivals. Even so, when faced with a crisis, investment bankers tell clients to ‘go early and go big’ when raising capital.Whitbread did just that, raising £1bn to shore up its balance sheet (and buy distressed assets from weakened rivals). The firm also has access to £2.4bn of undrawn credit lines, giving it the financial firepower to survive and thrive after Covid-19.With Whitbread’s revenues down 99% during this crisis, we can’t value this FTSE 100 share using fundamentals such as earnings per share and dividend yield. However, when life returns to normal (or some form of post-Covid normality), resilient and well-managed companies will bounce back. FTSE 100 stalwart Whitbread will be there, ready to gain market share and take a bigger slice of consumer spending.As for Whitbread’s shares, they have ranged widely in 2019/20. Over the 12 months, they traded as high as 4,462p (on 16 December 2019). During the depths of the market crash, they plunged to just 1,551p on 19 March – a ‘once in a lifetime’ FTSE 100 buying opportunity?At Monday’s closing price of 2,354p, Whitbread shares languish at nearly half (53%) their 2020 high. That 47% discount is too high for a £4.8bn FTSE 100 survivor. I’d buy at this price. Cliff D’Arcy | Tuesday, 23rd June, 2020 | More on: WTB Enter Your Email Address “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this.
ArchDaily “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/920741/bedolla-house-p-plus-0-architecture Clipboard Photographs Lead Architect: Bedolla House / P+0 ArchitectureSave this projectSaveBedolla House / P+0 Architecture Architects: P+0 Arquitectura Area Area of this architecture project Projects Save this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan Benavides+ 27Curated by Clara Ott Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/920741/bedolla-house-p-plus-0-architecture Clipboard “COPY” Photographs: FCH fotografía y Juan Benavides Area: 245 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project 2017 Houses CopyHouses•Mexico Bedolla House / P+0 Architecture David Pedroza Castañeda Construction:P+B Arquitectura y ConstrucciónCollaborators:Ileana Luna Peralta, Luis Villareal, Yannick Strickler, Oscar RodríguezCountry:MexicoMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan BenavidesRecommended ProductsWoodSculptformTimber Click-on BattensDoorsGorter HatchesRoof Hatch – RHT AluminiumWindowsVitrocsaMinimalist Window – SlidingWoodAccoyaAccoya® Cladding, Siding & FacadesText description provided by the architects. This small house was designed in a complex topography terrain located between mountains and filled with large cedars and oaks. The program, of approximately 200 sq.m in the interior —much reduced compared to the 2,660 sq. m of the land— leads to propose a project that benefits from the topography taking full advantage of the views and respecting almost all the existing trees.Save this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan BenavidesSave this picture!Second Floor PlanSave this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan BenavidesThe basis of the outline are two levels located at different heights, so that each oneworks as an independent piece opened towards the vegetation and landscape. Theremaining construction areas, small and between the trees, lead to designing twoprisms, one private and one social, which float over the ravine that covers the terrain. The cantilever over the water runoff was solved with a box beam generated when we gradually turned the wall containing the private volume until transforming it into a slab.Save this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan BenavidesThe concrete structure that reconciles the complex relationship with the terrain, supports two stone “boxes” perforated to naturally ventilate the house and make the most of the spectacular views of the mountains and forest. The stone and concrete walls clearly define the heart of the project: a linear courtyard that from the entry runs towards the small oak forest at the foot of the ravine. By partially covering the central area a simple slab generates an indefinite space thatsolves the garage, forms a terrace towards the west, transforms the roof of the social volume into a solarium and breaks to connect both volumes with a linear staircase.Save this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan BenavidesThe separation between the floors —combined with the simple program of a house for a single person— allow in the interior the same organization freedom achieved in the central courtyard. The project`s strategy reaches a free distribution inside each volume, where the furniture defines the changing spaces and the generous windows in walls and ceilings dissolve the limits with the exterior. The freedom of the interior spaces is emphasized by the wooden roof that, resting on stone walls that are isolated under a polished flatten, resolve the decks and mezzanines.Save this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan BenavidesSave this picture!SectionSave this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan BenavidesThe coexistence between modern techniques and traditional construction systemsobtains an intense dialogue with the surroundings. Generated with the same slab of the mountains around them, the prisms of the house recover the language of northeast architecture abstracted by the cleanliness of modern language. Materials with contemporary and vernacular forms are combined to create two simple pieces that enjoy the complex topography and throw into a spectacular natural environment.Save this picture!© FCH fotografía y Juan BenavidesProject gallerySee allShow lessOverlooked Concrete Suburbs of Central and Eastern EuropeArticlesJDSA Wins Competition to Design New Fluted Tower in FranceArchitecture News Share Year: Mexico CopyAbout this officeP+0 ArquitecturaOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesMexicoPublished on July 10, 2019Cite: “Bedolla House / P+0 Architecture ” [Casa bedolla / P+0 Architecture ] 10 Jul 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Facebook TCU rowing program strengthens after facing COVID-19 setbacks Twitter Colin Posthttps://www.tcu360.com/author/colin-post/ printTCU volleyball showed nothing but dominance in their season opener. Photo by Heesoo YangBehind 32 kills and 12service aces as a team, TCU volleyball came out of the gate swinging, sweepingthe High Point Panthers 3-0 in their season opener on Friday night.“I think tonight was a great start for our squad,” head coach Jill Kramer said. “Had a lot of young players on the court … they handled the environment well.”The game was the HornedFrogs’ first of three this weekend as part of the annual Cowtown Classictournament, which is hosted by TCU.Entering the season with the No. 6 recruiting class (PrepVolleyball.com), it’s no surprise that TCU saw a huge impact from their first-year players from the get-go. First-year outside hitter Audrey Nalls showed signs of being a force on offense with a game-high 10 kills. In the middle, first-year Afedo Manyang was all over the board with six kills, four service aces and three blocks. Afedo Manyang looked liked an experienced player in her first collegiate action on Friday. Photo by Heesoo Yang“[In] the first few pointsand first half of the game, I was a little nervous,” Manyang said. “But I slowly eased in and stuck to what Iknow.”After the transfer of 2018 All-Big 12 second team setter Tori Dilfer to Louisville, the setter position was a big question mark for TCU heading into the season. Two newcomers, McKenzie Nichols and Irem Uçar, saw quality action in the season opener.“They both [Nichols and Uçar] did great,” Kramer said. “I really think we’ve seen what we’ve seen out of them in practice, and that was kind of good.” Uçar finished with 14 assists in the game, while Nichols produced 11 of her own.The game was back and forth for two sets. Anytime TCU would extend their lead to even a few points, High Point would respond with a run of their own to keep the Horned Frogs on their toes.TCU ended up winning thefirst two sets 25-22 and 25-23, respectively. The third set was a different story, as the Horned Frogs found their groove. Two-straight aces by defensive specialist Dani Dennison put TCU up 10-5, and they never looked back. The Frogs won the third set 25-14 to complete the 3-0 sweep of the Panthers. This is the fifth-straight season-opening win for TCU.“I think our chemistrywas really good [in] this game,” Manyang said. “We’re all growing and can learn more.”TCU will face Lipscomb (0-2 in the Cowtown Classic) at 2 p.m. in the Rickel Saturday. “Every match is important,equally important,” Kramer. “Every matchsets you up for postseason, one way or another.” ReddIt Despite series loss, TCU proved they belong against No. 8 Texas Tech Colin Posthttps://www.tcu360.com/author/colin-post/ Colin Post is a Sports Broadcasting and Journalism double-major from Houston, Texas. Along with sports writing, Colin hopes to work in sports announcing after he graduates. Previous articleThe star behind the stripesNext articleFirst-year Adams leads volleyball to sweep of Lipscomb Colin Post RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Another series win lands TCU Baseball in the top 5, earns Sikes conference award Taylor’s monster slam highlights big weekend for TCU Athletics Linkedin First TCU spring game since 2018 gets fans primed for a highly-anticipated fall Facebook Colin Posthttps://www.tcu360.com/author/colin-post/ Another series win lands TCU Baseball in the top 5, earns Sikes conference award TCU baseball finds their biggest fan just by saying hello Colin Posthttps://www.tcu360.com/author/colin-post/ Linkedin + posts Colin Post ReddIt Twitter
ColumnsThe Thiruvananthapuram Gold Smuggling Case & Diplomatic Protection Insaf Ahamad & Mathangi K11 Aug 2020 12:21 AMShare This – xFor centuries, governments and their envoys across the world have used the protection of diplomatic baggage, which forms an integral part of diplomatic immunity. This immunity has come into limelight recently with the gold smuggling incident at Thiruvananthapuram. On the 9th of July, 2020, 30 kilograms of gold was seized by The Customs Department in Kerala, India. While gold…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginFor centuries, governments and their envoys across the world have used the protection of diplomatic baggage, which forms an integral part of diplomatic immunity. This immunity has come into limelight recently with the gold smuggling incident at Thiruvananthapuram. On the 9th of July, 2020, 30 kilograms of gold was seized by The Customs Department in Kerala, India. While gold smuggling is not new to the State, what has stirred controversy is that this package of gold was sent via diplomatic baggage addressed to the UAE consulate in Kerala. The prime accused Sarith and Swapna, previous employees of the consulate are said to have received the baggage six times over seven months and 107 Kg of gold is said to have sneaked in via Kochi this year. This has prompted the National Investigation Agency (NIA) to take up the investigation. According to the laws, diplomatic baggage is not subject to the routine examinations by the customs and is required to be cleared as soon as possible. In the current case, the cargo was sent under the guise of bathroom fittings, noodles, dates and biscuits addressed from Al Zatar Spices based in Sharjah. However, the customs which had already received some inside information opened the baggage in the presence of representatives of UAE consulate, a mandated procedure required to be followed. Even though the UAE consulate has strongly maintained that diplomats had no role in gold smuggling, the prime accused in the case is alleged to have given their statements to the customs implicating the UAE consulate officer. DIPLOMATIC IMMUNITY IN INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK In the international framework, before the signing of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, the international custom was that a receiving state could challenge the legality of the contents in the baggage in cases where an abuse of this protection was suspected. But, this check and balance on the diplomatic baggage underwent an overhaul with the signing of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations in the year 1964. Article 27 of the Convention that provides for the current status of the diplomatic bag, lays down that the bag may not be “opened or detained”, thus granting it absolute inviolability. Due to this unconditional inviolability, many countries, like Kuwait, Libya, and Saudi Arabia have entered reservations regarding the inviolability of diplomatic bag. They have reserved the right to open the bag in case of serious suspicion regarding the contents of the bag in the presence of an official linked to the concerned diplomatic mission. One of the most controversial reservations that has ever been made was Nigeria’s declaration to screen all goods and persons entering Nigeria, notwithstanding any diplomatic immunity. This decision that was taken post its currency change in order to prevent smuggling or trafficking in the old notes, received widespread criticism from the western countries. On similar lines, Bahrain came up with the most radical of these reservations which reserved ‘its right to open the diplomatic bag if there are serious grounds for presuming that it contains articles the import or export of which is prohibited by law’ which raised strong opposition from European countries and communist countries alike. While taking note of diplomatic baggage, it is equally important to recognize the absolute inviolability being granted to diplomats across the globe. Certain rights, privileges, and immunities are granted to the diplomats under Article 20-41, Vienna Convention of diplomatic relations with the objective of efficient functioning of the diplomatic mission. The theoretical underpinnings of Diplomatic immunity are predominantly based on the theory of ‘functional necessity’ according to which diplomatic immunity is a Sina qua non for the performance of the diplomatic functions. Article 29 of the Vienna Convention of diplomatic relations states that: “The person of a diplomatic agent shall be inviolable. He shall not be liable to any form of arrest or detention. The receiving State shall treat him with due respect and shall take all appropriate steps to prevent any attack on his person, freedom or dignity.” Further, Article 31 of the Vienna Convention of diplomatic relations grants immunity to the Diplomatic agents from criminal and civil jurisdiction of the host country subject to certain exceptions. However, these immunities have been misused in several instances by the diplomatic agents and their families and have been a matter of concern ever since the inception of the Vienna Convention of Diplomatic Relations. A BAGGAGE OF CRIMES. This absolute inviolability granted to diplomatic bag fails to balance the interests between the protection accorded to the bag and the prevention of abuse of this protection, thus making it a desired container for the international transport of drugs and weaponry. For instance, one incident involved the chancellor at the Belgian embassy in India. In 1985, he reached the US, carrying a diplomatic bag, which was opened by the authorities on suspicion of prohibited contents and contained twenty-two pounds of heroin, valued in excess of US$40 million. He was later arrested by the Federal Agency and subsequently faced charges since he was not a verified diplomat in the US. Another incident of gross abuse was in 1984 when a British police constable was shot dead from the Libyan Embassy in the U.K. Subsequently, the diplomatic bags which were leaving along with Libyan diplomats weren’t checked and it is believed that the murder weapon was in one of those bags as the British found adequate forensic evidence backing that the shots came from the embassy. This led to the severance of diplomatic ties between the two nations. The abuse of this protection is not limited to drug trafficking and weaponry, but also involves more notorious abuses. One of the infamous attempts to abuse the diplomatic bag occurred in Nigeria in 1983 when the minister of transportation under the old regime who fled to London to escape trial under Nigeria’s newly-established government was kidnapped from his home in London and drugged, blindfolded, and bound. The kidnappers then placed him in a crate and sent it as an “extra cargo” for an aircraft bound for Nigeria, claiming it to be a diplomatic bag. The customs officials, on noticing a medicinal smell coming from the crate, opened the crate after determining that it was not a diplomatic bag (as claimed), since it did not have an official seal. Subsequently, Nigeria declined any involvement of the Nigerian diplomats in the kidnapping. But, upon investigation by the UK officials, the Nigerian High Commissioner was declared persona non grata in London, and the head of Nigeria Airways narrowly escaped being arrested by British police. This led to the suspension of diplomatic relations between Nigeria and Britain. The controversy also weakened Nigeria’s war on corruption, as Britain rejected a subsequent formal request from Nigeria to extradite Dikko and other Nigerian politicians in the UK who were wanted in Nigeria on charges of corruption. Further, four men were convicted of kidnapping Dikko (three Israelis and a Nigerian) in a trial at the Old Bailey, and were jailed. All were released and returned to their countries after serving their sentences. ABUSE OF POWER Similar to the abuse of diplomatic baggage, the rampant abuse of diplomatic immunity granted to agents has also been an issue of concern in the international community. Firstly, the immunity from civil liability allows the diplomats to escape from paying damages, rent, or even tax for imports and exports. This leaves the creditors without any option if diplomatic agents default in paying debts. Further, diplomatic agents may profit by reselling tax-free goods in the host countries. Secondly, the immunity from criminal liability leads to its abuse mainly in two ways. First, from the crimes committed by the diplomatic agents themselves and second, by using diplomatic baggage for smuggling goods. A recent example of the diplomatic immunity in the Indian context is the Italian Mariners case. The orders of the Indian Supreme Court, interdicting the Italian Diplomats from leaving the country has attracted widespread criticism in the international forte on the averment that Indian Court does not have the power to issue such an interdiction on a foreign diplomatic. This, therefore, lays down an erroneous postulate in terms of legal principles and diplomacy. Another stark example of how India used this immunity is the Devyani Khobragade incident, where Ms. Devyani, being the Deputy Consular of India in the US, fraudulently obtained Visa for her maid and underpaid her. Subsequently, US pressed charges on her, since, according to U.S. laws, Ms. Khobragade can have diplomatic immunity only for acts undertaken in her official capacity. Following this, in a move that could shield Ms. Khobragade from prosecution by conferring diplomatic immunity, India reassigned her to a permanent mission to the United Nations. According to her lawyer, this will bring her under the ambit of greater legal protections compared to what she was entitled to as a deputy consul-general. This serves as yet another example of how diplomatic immunity has been abused as a tool for protection. This failure to arrive at equilibrium between the protection under diplomatic immunity and prevention of abuse, has time and again, led to human rights violations in the receiving state. To add to the failure, the receiving state, in most cases, violates its international obligations under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations in preventing the abuse. This anomaly, as a result of absolute diplomatic protection, needs to be addressed. It is submitted that more pragmatic solutions need to be devised so that a robust mechanism for dispute settlement is built into the framework of Vienna Conventions. The Optional Protocols to the Vienna Conventions (Concerning the Compulsory Settlement Disputes), through its Article II, enables the parties to resort to arbitration, a dedicated arbitral framework. But, again the credibility of this mechanism comes into the picture, with countries like the US withdrawing itself from the settlement system when a claim is raised against it. A better and practical solution would thus be the complete overhaul of the Vienna Conventions, which will go a long way in addressing the contemporary problems. The reimplementation of the customary international practice with regard to the diplomatic bag introduces a more suitable approach by creating a balance between the opposing interests of human rights and diplomatic immunity.Views are personal only.(Authors are undergraduate students of law at Gujarat national law university) Next Story
View post tag: submarine GD Electric Boat to Build Submarine Missile Tubes Back to overview,Home naval-today GD Electric Boat to Build Submarine Missile Tubes Authorities The U.S. Navy awarded a contract modification to General Dynamics Electric Boat Corp. to fund joint United States and United Kingdom Common Missile Compartment (CMC) missile tube manufacturing, Oct. 29.The $84 million cost-plus-fixed-fee modification contract authorizes the start of tactical missile tube manufacturing. In total, 17 missile tubes will be manufactured; 12 for the U.K. Successor lead ship, four for the OR First Article Quad Pack and one for the Strategic Weapons System – Ashore (SWSA) test facility.At about 45 feet tall and just over 50 tons, one CMC missile tube is equal to the height of a four-story office building and about two-thirds the weight of the space shuttle.This contract modification represents over five years of design and prototyping efforts between the U.S. and U.K. governments and their respective industry partners, and marks a key transition point for the joint CMC effort. To support construction of OR and U.K. Successor ships, a total of 241 missile tubes will be manufactured; 192 for OR’s 12 ships, 48 for Successor’s four ships, and one for the SWSA. The SWSA, located in Cape Canaveral, Fla., is an integration and test facility that validates Strategic Weapons Support Systems (SWSS) performance, validates installation and test procedures, and provides operational documentation prior to on-hull testing.The OR program will provide the nation with its most survivable leg of the strategic deterrence triad. The program is harnessing 50-plus years of SSBN design and operational experience with the cost-control and production lessons of the Virginia class attack submarine program, thereby providing the nation and its allies with an assured sea-based strategic deterrent at the best possible cost.Press release, Image: US Navy Share this article View post tag: Naval View post tag: Navy View post tag: GD Electric Boat View post tag: Tubes View post tag: News by topic View post tag: americas View post tag: build View post tag: Missile October 31, 2014