Spinning Black Hole. Illustration: NASA/CXC/M.Weiss “Ever since Stephen Hawking showed that black holes evaporate,” says Seth Lloyd, an MIT physicist, “people have wondered about the stuff that comes out of them. Is it just garbage, or is it something else?” With his piece published in Physical Review Letters on February 14, Lloyd attempts to show that quantum information does escape black holes, and that this information is useful and can have lasting impacts on how we understand our universe. Explore further Lloyd’s assertion is that information escapes as black holes evaporate in what is known as a final state projection model. Final projection is nonlinear, but it is also considered self-consistent. “It’s funky,” Lloyd explains to Physorg.com, “but it is self-consistent. Anything that happens in a final state projection can ‘legally’ happen in a more conventional quantum mechanical manner.”Final state projection is far from commonly accepted, however. One of the main problems some physicists have with these models is that in order the information has to travel at faster-than-light speeds to escape. While a final state projection model of black hole evaporation preserves unitarity and can even explain entropy as microstates of black hole horizon, getting past the idea of quantum information escaping at such high speeds is difficult. The idea of final state projection and escaping quantum information was put forth in the 1960s, but had been pretty much shunted aside by the 1980s. Despite attempts by a few physicists to substantiate the idea of faster-than-light quantum information escape from black holes, many remain skeptical. Even Lloyd concedes that quantum bits moving faster than light hard to accept. “I admit that it’s strong medicine, things traveling faster than the speed of light.” But he insists his calculations show that it is possible. In a process similar to teleportation, quantum information inside the black hole entangles itself with Hawking radiation. As the black hole evaporates, the information is mostly preserved in the radiation. In Lloyd’s letter, his calculations show that the escaping quantum information has fidelity ≈ (8/3 π)2 . This means that if Lloyd is right, an average of half a bit of information is lost, no matter how many bits escape the black hole. Lloyd’s calculations show that it is possible, in a final state projection scenario, for useful quantum information to escape a black hole. This of itself is a remarkable discovery, considering that it is commonly thought that nothing can escape a black hole, and that fairly useless Hawking radiation is the only product of black hole evaporation. Lloyd’s letter suggests that even the Hawking radiation has a use, as it will carry the entangled bits of quantum information. But it is the implications regarding a theory of quantum gravity that Lloyd feels is especially significant. “We can understand quantum gravity by looking at how things process quantum information, and one of these things can be an evaporating black hole. This [letter] shows an example of applying methods of quantum information about quantum gravity and then getting something back.”Not only does Lloyd believe that black holes can help physicists form a theory of quantum gravity, but he also thinks that final state projection shows how black holes can function as quantum computers. “It becomes a matter of putting information into a hole. The hole processes the information and spits it out through Hawking radiation.” Lloyd pauses, then continues: “We don’t know how to program a black hole, but maybe when we learn more about quantum gravity, we will be able to.”Citation: Seth Lloyd. Almost Certain Escape from Black Holes in Final State Projection Models, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 061302 (2006) By Miranda Marquit, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.com Citation: Hitching a Ride Out of a Gluttonous Black Hole (2006, February 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-02-hitching-gluttonous-black-hole.html The entire sky in X-rays This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — Sparking controversy in the small circle of physicists working to resolve the issue of whether dark matter actually exists, Juan Collar, spokesman for the CoGeNT project in the Soudan mine in Minnesota, spoke recently at the American Physical Society meeting and disclosed that his team has found results similar to those experienced by the DAMA/LIBRA team in Italy over the past several years, which show an excess of low energy interactions in their germanium crystal detectors, that his group can’t explain any other way but to ascribe it to the existence of dark matter. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further The DAMA/LIBRA team has insisted for 12 years that the data it has found with its detectors backs up the theory that not only does dark matter exist, but that it can be shown to exist by seasonal changes in the amount of recoil hitting in their germanium detectors. The idea is that because the Earth moves and supposed clouds of dark matter don’t, there should be times of higher activity when the Earth is moving into or through an area of dense dark matter, and lower activity when it’s not. This is the basis of the argument the DAMA/LIBRA team has had to explain the seasonal changes in the number of hits they see.The problem with all this though is that there are other teams that have not been able to reproduce the results shown first by the DAMA/LIBRA team, and now by those with the CoGeNT team (most notably the Swiss XENON100 team.) Making the whole argument even more sensational is that the CoGeNT team actually set out to prove to the world that the DAMA/LIBRA team was wrong.All of the teams are working to prove or disprove the notion that theoretical particles of dark matter, called WIMPS, exist and thus can be used, or not to back up or refute many other theories that serve to explain many of the unexplained phenomena that exist in the universe; such as what holds everything together. Some theories suggest that if dark matter does truly exist, it likely makes up eighty percent of everything there is; if it doesn’t however, a lot of physicists will be going back to the drawing board.One thing is certain however, and that is much more research will have to be done, both by those that are seeing results and those that aren’t, before anyone can even come close to claiming they understand the invisible forces that make the universe what it is. Citation: Minnesota researcher’s findings on dark matter jibe with Italy’s DAMA/LIBRA claims (2011, May 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-minnesota-dark-jibe-italy-damalibra.html New Limits on the Origin of Dark Matter
Explore further Prior work in designing a rhodium-based catalyst for a reaction that has a similar carbon-hydrogen activation step was adapted with an ethylene coordinated to the rhodium complex. The ligand framework likely serves to protect rhodium from oxidative damage and may serve other important functions in the mechanism. With this ligand serving to protect the metal, they decided to use a Cu(II) salt as an oxidant because there is precedent for the recovery of Cu(I) and re-oxidizing it to obtain Cu(II), thus enabling the possibility of recycling the oxidant.Testing of their catalyst with Cu(OAc)2 at 150oC in benzene led to 58 to 62 turnovers in twenty-four hours. Characterization showed high selectivity for styrene, and the copper salt as the limiting reagent. The reaction was optimized by testing various copper salts, temperatures, and concentration of ethylene gas. Cu(OAc)2, while it causes a slower reaction rate than other copper salts, provided a more stable reaction process. Additionally, while the reaction rate did increase with increasing temperature, the catalyst degraded when the temperature was above 180oC. Finally, the reaction rate increased as ethylene pressure was increased.The optimized reaction conditions provided a near-quantitative yield of styrene with a large turnover number for the catalyst, and the catalyst maintained its integrity for up to 96 hours. The best turnover number observed was at least 800. Kinetic studies showed that this reaction appears to be first-order with respect to ethylene concentration, which is unique to this particular catalyst. Additional kinetic studies revealed that there is a kinetic isotope effect with kH/kD ~ 3.1, which is consistent with other transition metal-mediated C-H activation reactions. While further studies need to be done to analyze the reaction mechanism, this paper provides a framework by which a novel rhodium complex allows for a one-step reaction to form styrene from benzene and ethylene. (Phys.org)—Styrene is an important industrial chemical. It is the precursor to polystyrene which is used in various every day plastic products, like disposable cups, packaging, and insulation. Over 18.5m tons of styrene is produced industrially around the world. Typically, styrene synthesis begins with benzene and ethylene, and involves a multi-step process under harsh reaction conditions and often leads to unwanted by-products. More information: “A rhodium catalyst for single-step styrene production from benzene and ethylene” Science DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa2260ABSTRACTRising global demand for fossil resources has prompted a renewed interest in catalyst technologies that increase the efficiency of conversion of hydrocarbons from petroleum and natural gas to higher-value materials. Styrene is currently produced from benzene and ethylene through the intermediacy of ethylbenzene, which must be dehydrogenated in a separate step. The direct oxidative conversion of benzene and ethylene to styrene could provide a more efficient route, but achieving high selectivity and yield for this reaction has been challenging. Here, we report that the Rh catalyst (FlDAB)Rh(TFA)(η2–C2H4) [FlDAB is N,N′-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene; TFA is trifluoroacetate] converts benzene, ethylene, and Cu(II) acetate to styrene, Cu(I) acetate, and acetic acid with 100% selectivity and yields ≥95%. Turnover numbers >800 have been demonstrated, with catalyst stability up to 96 hours. © 2015 Phys.org Journal information: Science In research that aims to streamline and optimize styrene synthesis Benjamin A. Vaughan, Michael S. Webster-Gardiner, Thomas R. Cundari, and T. Brent Gunnoe from the Department of Chemistry at the University of Virginia and the Center for Advanced Modeling in the Department of Chemistry at the University of North Texas have devised a single-step synthesis of styrene using a novel rhodium catalyst. Their work appears in Science.The production of styrene, or vinyl arenes in general, involves benzene alkylation. This is typically done under harsh conditions involving high temperatures and either a Friedel-Crafts or zeolite catalyst. This process typically involves poly-alkylated bi-products. Additionally, the alkyl substituent will then need to be oxidized to form the vinyl group, which is usually accomplished with a metal oxide at high temperatures. The products are the target vinyl arene and hydrogen gas, as well as any bi-products from poly-alkylation. Products from poly-alkylation are converted to ethylbenzene in a trans-alkylation step, which follows the alkylation reaction.Prior research from this group, found that this synthetic process can be streamlined using a platinum catalyst for the alkylation of benzene, and the alkyl group will subsequently undergo beta-hydride elimination, forming free styrene. However, this process degrades the platinum catalyst, likely because the platinum ion further reduces to platinum metal during the beta-elimination phase of the reaction. To make this one-step process industrially feasible, they need to find an optimal catalyst. Ideally, this catalyst would directly vinylate the benzene ring rather than initial alkylation followed by oxidation of the alkyl group. Additionally this catalyst would not lead to multiple side reactions and have a high turnover number even in harsh oxidative conditions and in the presence of highly reactive metal hydrides. Furthermore, industrially favorable mechanisms would involve recovering and recycling the oxidant using air or oxygen.For this paper, Vaughan et al. designed a catalyst with rhodium rather than platinum in hopes that the less favorable reduction of Rh(I) to elemental rhodium compared to the reduction of Pt(II) would maintain the integrity of the catalyst. Ball-and-stick model of the styrene molecule, C8H8, as found in the crystal structure. Credit: Ben Mills/public domain Study could lead to improved catalysts for producing hydrogen fuel from waste biomass This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Novel catalyst used to make styrene in one step (2015, May 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-05-catalyst-styrene.html
Architectures of metal/CO2 electrochemical cells as capture systems. Credit: Science Advances 20 Jul 2016: Vol. 2, no. 7, e1600968. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600968 (Phys.org)—A pair of researchers at Cornell University has created an aluminum-based electrochemical cell that captures and sequesters carbon emissions while simultaneously generating a large amount of electricity. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, Wajdi Al Sadat and Lynden Archer describe the cell, how it works and why they believe it is better than other carbon-capturing cells that have been developed to date. Human beings have been pumping carbon dioxide into the atmosphere in large amounts since the advent of the industrial age, leading to global warming. Scientists have been working overtime to figure out a way to reduce the amounts of the gas that we emit, but while there have been great improvements, far too much is still going into the air. Meanwhile, other scientists are taking a different approach—they are looking for ways to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in an economically feasible way. In this new effort, the researchers at Cornell report on cell technology they developed that differs significantly from the approach used by others.To create a cell that removes carbon dioxide, researchers have tried using magnesium, lithium or sodium as an anode—the results to date have worked to some extent, but they produce carbonates, which are not very useful. To get around that problem, the researchers instead used aluminum foil to make the anode—the cathode was made of stainless steel mesh and an ionic liquid with some aluminum chloride salt in it was used as the electrolyte.In testing their cell, the duo found that it was capable of generating up to 13 ampere-hours for every gram of carbon that it captured. They point out that it did so without the need for any sort of catalyst and that it was done at room temperature. In addition, the output from the system consisted of aluminum oxalate, which they noted can be used to make oxalic acid, a material that is commonly used in several industries, which means it could be easily sold.The researchers acknowledge that their cell has one serious drawback at the moment—it won’t work if water is present in the mix of gasses it pulls in, a situation that would exist in most real-world locations. They plan to search for another electrolyte that is less sensitive to moisture to solve that problem. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: The O2-assisted Al/CO2 electrochemical cell: A system for CO2 capture/conversion and electric power generation, Science Advances 20 Jul 2016: Vol. 2, no. 7, e1600968. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600968AbstractEconomical and efficient carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration technologies are a requirement for successful implementation of global action plans to reduce carbon emissions and to mitigate climate change. These technologies are also essential for longer-term use of fossil fuels while reducing the associated carbon footprint. We demonstrate an O2-assisted Al/CO2 electrochemical cell as a new approach to sequester CO2 emissions and, at the same time, to generate substantial amounts of electrical energy. We report on the fundamental principles that guide operations of these cells using multiple intrusive electrochemical and physical analytical methods, including chronopotentiometry, cyclic voltammetry, direct analysis in real-time mass spectrometry, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and coupled thermogravimetric analysis–Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. On this basis, we demonstrate that an electrochemical cell that uses metallic aluminum as anode and a carbon dioxide/oxygen gas mixture as the active material in the cathode provides a path toward electrochemical generation of a valuable (C2) species and electrical energy. Specifically, we show that the cell first reduces O2 at the cathode to form superoxide intermediates. Chemical reaction of the superoxide with CO2 sequesters the CO2 in the form of aluminum oxalate, Al2(C2O4)3, as the dominant product. On the basis of an analysis of the overall CO2 footprint, which considers emissions associated with the production of the aluminum anode and the CO2 captured/abated by the Al/CO2-O2 electrochemical cell, we conclude that the proposed process offers an important strategy for net reduction of CO2 emissions. A better electrocatalyst for converting carbon dioxide into liquid fuel Journal information: Science Advances Citation: Aluminum-based electrochemical cell captures and sequesters carbon emissions and generates electricity (2016, July 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-07-aluminum-based-electrochemical-cell-captures-sequesters.html © 2016 Phys.org
Launched in 1998, Jashn-e-bachpan — the national theatre festival for children — is back. The festival is presented by the Sanskar Rang Toli, an outreach programme for children created by the country’s premier theatre school, National School of Drama (NSD).NSD, in order to contribute to the growth and development of children’s theatre across the country, hosts the festival which promises a blend of fantasy, history, comedy and social issues.Announcing the 11th edition of the festival recently at a press conference, National School of Drama director Anuradha Kapur said the focus of the festival this year was on theatre by special children, with three performances from Assam, Bengal and Delhi. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting”We live in our own world, but we don’t understand what happens in another’s world. The troupe from Bengal is made of children with speech and hearing impairment, but they have performed a play by Rabindranath Tagore so beautifully that it is an inspiration,’ Kapur said.The 10 day festival will feature 17 plays in nine different languages performed by children. It will showcase plays from all over the country. Three plays will be performed by them including Rabindranath Tagore’s play Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix Dakghar which is the opening performance. Dastaan-e-Dilli, another performance by special children, will mark the end of the festival. The play narrates a story of Krishna and his childhood experiences on the banks of the Yamuna river. It will end with a panorama of Dilli seen today and tomorrow through the eyes of special children.’Interactive sessions with play directors and artistes will take place at the festival with the aim to absorb energies, skills and processes in order to gain inspiration for future works through these sessions,’ Kapoor added. The festival will see performances directed by Dadi D Pudumjee, Feisal Alkazi and Radhika Alkazi, Swatilekha Sengupta, KG Krishnamurthy, Bhagirathi, Susanta Mondal, Kiran Bhat and Dr Sripad Bhat, N Jadumani Singh, Jaimini Pathak, Mandya Ramesh, Anurupa Roy, Krishna Bhuyan, Saggherr Loadhii, Kannan, Manish Saini, Rajiv Krishnann and Bijon Mondal.The participating groups at Jashn-e-bachpan 2012 are from different regions of the country and will perform in various Indian languages at Abhimanch, Sammukh and Shri Ram Centre. The plays will be performed in Hindi, Bangla, Assamese, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Nepali, Manipuri, Tamil and English and most of the plays have subtitles.Watch out for it.
It is believed that empty spaces have the most energy fields than anything else in the universe; and all the object, matter, particles we know, constitute under ten percent of the universe. It is this eternal vastness and the unseen energy fields that is brought together at ‘Friendly Strangers: Fields of the Universe’ a two man show by Shridhar Iyer and Ajay Narayan. The show is curated by Rahul Bhattacharya. Iyer has been exploring the unknown energy and force of the Universe primarily through the medium of painting and drawing. Highly experimental in life and work, Iyer has often made forays into installation based art practices. Narayan has been painting to invoke concealed, obscure descriptions of the visible world. His recent works are an engagement with the vastness of space, the incomprehensible eternal dark matter within which planets, stars and galaxies float.
CRY works towards sustainable change, by ensuring all children receive their rights. ‘Vote for Child Rights’ campaign aims to pursue political candidates to ensure due emphasis is given to child rights in their party manifestos. The mission was to make politicians stand up and take notice.Instead of a simple pledge, BBH India did something unique and created a vote bank. Strength in numbers encourages the audience, and a vote bank in itself is what politicians pay attention to. BBH created a campaign around the childmark, a yellow dot symbolising your vote for child rights. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The film shows how the yellow childmark and a vote bank can make all the difference. Essential child rights were highlighted including the right to education, nutrition, protection and most importantly, the right to a childhood.Emphasizing on the importance to reach out to politicians and public, Anita Bala Sharad, Director, Resource Mobilisation, CRY said, ‘This campaign aims to urge politicians to put children first and the general public to vote for a party that does so. While several nationwide initiatives and policies are in place to protect children against violation of their rights, there is a visible lack of political will to implement the same. We wanted to highlight the support we can garner from public to ensure that the parties take notice and that the best interest of the child be put at the centre of all policy, legislation and practice.’
In the season of a crucial forthcoming election in Delhi, the play awakens the thought of being a leader of self, rather than following the opportunistic political ambitions which leads to anarchy of party based motives. Running successfully for consecutive two days with packed house in Muktadhara Auditorium on January 17 – 18 , Woh Nahi Gandhi has been termed as a challenge to existing saffron coloured politics as well as dynastic inclinations on the other side. It throws open a quest to find a leader within self by identifying our roots and passing on the treasury of civilisation to next generation.On the background of a riot hit area and marginalised communities, the story of this play is definitely an exceptional bold statement in this politically heated atmosphere, where the ruling party as well as as unruly opposition need to take a call on the definite need and vision for youth, rather than leaving them astray with opium of religion and power.
Kolkata: Passengers landing at the city airport were gripped by a sense of fear as they felt a sudden jerk when the Singapore Airlines flight in which they were travelling, suddenly came to a halt on the runway with a loud sound. The 200-odd passengers had to wait for more than half an hour before they could come out of the flight.According to sources in the airport, the Singapore Airlines SQ 516 landed at Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International (NSCBI) Airport at around 10.28 pm on Saturday night, but passengers could not vacate the flight as it had developed a hydraulic snag. The hydraulic leakage resulted in drainage of fuel from the flight on the runway. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsA senior official said that the snag had developed a few minutes before the flight was scheduled to land, when the fuel started leaking. As it landed, the nose wheel of the flight got locked and the flight came to a halt with a sudden jerk. The pilot stopped the engine of the airline to mitigate any risk. After sometime, the flight was towed across the runway by a special vehicle. “The passengers could not be taken near the aerobridge. They were brought out of the airport in a special bus,” a source informed.A spokesperson of the airport, however, said that there was not much of a problem as the alternate runway was handed over for operation soon. “There was no impact on any other flight as the alternate runway was put in use. The runway was handed over back for operation after being vacated, proper cleaning of the fuel leakage and inspection,” the spokesperson said.
Santosh Kumar Gangwar, Union Minister of State for Textiles (IC), gave away the prestigious Ajay Shankar Memorial Awards for the best display of stands in various categories at the 39th edition of the Indian Handicrafts and Gifts Fair (Spring) on February 22. Sanjay Kumar, IAS, Special Secretary, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, Vinod Johari, President of IHGF (Spring), Vice Presidents Shahnawaz Khan and Vishal Bohra, Rakesh Kumar, Chairman of India Expo Centre and Mart and Executive Director – EPCH and Lekhraj Maheshwari, Chairman- EPCH were also present during the ceremony. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The Ajay Shankar Memorial Awards were instituted in the memory of late Ajay Shankar, former Development Commissioner (handicrafts) who was one of the major motivators for establishing this fair. The awards were conferred in six product categories. While giving away the awards the minister congratulated all the awardees for receiving the awards and appreciated their excellent workmanship. He further said that handicrafts sector is the second largest sector after agriculture and Government has plans to give boost to this sector. He also informed the gathering that Ministry of Textiles has urged the Prime Minister of India to attach MGNREGA with the handicrafts sector so that artisans and craftpersons can be directly benefitted and their conditions of livelihood can be improved. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHe said that while there’s strong competition from neighbouring countries including China, the Indian handicrafts sector has its own distinct identity and place in the world market. The minister was of the view that handicrafts sector is likely to receive very good support in the next budget.Over 3800 buyers including over 900 buying agents from 60 countries have been registered during the first two days of the show. Impressive numbers come from USA(469), Canada (141), Israel (42), Germany (215), Sweden (148), UK (230), Russia (25), Australia (146), Japan (196), China (53), Denmark (73), South Africa (72), Brazil (25) and Argentina (15).
Kolkata: In a major development in connection with the selling of carcass meat, the police are now suspecting that the tentacles of the racket had also spread to North Bengal.The police are suspecting that the kingpin of the racket Biswanath Ghorai, alias Bishu, had a wide network in North Bengal as well. They are suspecting it after preparing a list of vehicles that used to carry carcass meat to different parts of North Bengal.It may be recalled that the Special Investigation Team (SIT) of Diamond Harbour police district had arrested Biswanath Ghorai, alias Bishu, from a hideout at Tentultala near Sonarpur in South 24-Parganas on May 7. He was remanded in the custody of police when produced before the court. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsDuring investigation, police came to know how he used to run the entire business of selling carcass meat. It may be mentioned that Bishu was the owner of a cold storage-cum-processing unit in Narkeldanga, from where the meat was allegedly supplied to a number of hotels and restaurants in the city and its suburbs.Before arresting Bishu, the police had caught Sunny Mallick from Bihar in similar connection. Besides Bishu, the police have also interrogated others arrested in this connection. Based on their statement, a list containing details of the vehicles in which carcass meat was transported to different parts of the state was prepared. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedNow, the police will be questioning the transporters to get hold of the other people who were involved in the racket.Sources said that the investigating officers would take Bishu to North Bengal to carry out further investigation. The investigating officers also came to know that Bishu often used to visit North Bengal for business purposes. The police will take him to the places he used to visit in North Bengal.Meanwhile, people have raised allegations of selling dead chicken, against the owner of a shop at Beniapukur. Hundreds of people gathered outside the chicken shop soon after the news related to the selling of dead chicken had spread. Police went to the spot and detained two persons in this connection. Samples of chicken were also collected for necessary tests.
Mobile wallet service provider Oxigen has partnered with Kerala Blasters Football Club as their official payments solution sponsor. Owned by cricketing legend Sachin Tendulkar, who is also the brand ambassador for
Kolkata: State Urban Development minister Firhad Hakim, along with state Forest minister Binay Krishna Barman inaugurated the enclosure for elephants in Alipore Zoo after a major facelift.The new home for the pachyderms spans over 12,000 square metre which is nearly ten times the size of the old enclosure that only had a 1,991 square metre area.”We selected Sunday for the inauguration because today is World Elephant Day. The widening of the space for the jumbos had become imperative with the Central Zoo Authority prodding the zoo authorities for increasing the space for free movement of the animals,” said state Forest minister Binay Krishna Barman.Rani and Tithi- the two elephants are a major attraction in the zoo, particularly for children.”The waterbody at the front portion of the enclosure has been cleaned and beautified. Natural grass has been laid and shower has been fitted for bathing of the elephants. The trees inside the new enclosure – Aswattha, Neem, Deodar and Krishnachura – are surrounded by small brick walls so that the elephants can’t uproot them,” Zoo director Asis Kumar Samanta said, adding that the animals love open space to roam around and enjoy nature.The cost for expanding the enclosure has been Rs 1.72 crore. It may be mentioned that in 2009, the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) had banned elephants in zoos but had made an exception for Alipore zoo and had told the state Forest department that they could keep two elephants at the most, by expanding the enclosure.”We are happy that the CZA has allowed us to keep elephants in Alipore Zoo. We have elephants here since its inception and the animal is associated with our sentiment,” Barman said. The zoo authorities were again prodded by CZA in 2015-16 and there was apprehension that the zoo will lose the jumbos, being unable to meet the CZA guidelines for keeping the elephants.After a number of sleepless nights, the zoo authorities, in consultation with experts, chalked out a comprehensive plan for widening of the elephant enclosure.The enclosures for animals like leopard, hyena and jackal needed to be shifted to another place, to broaden the area of the jumbos.The old elephant enclosure, with a moat, a shed and trees, was inaugurated in 1999 by the then Chief Minister Jyoti Basu. Before that, elephants used to remain chained in an enclosure one-tenth the size of the current one.
Kolkata: Two youths were killed in a fatal road accident, when the motorcycles they were riding collided head-on with each other on Bira Road near Amdanga in North 24-Parganas. Some local people staged a demonstration at the spot, protesting against the menace of reckless riding, causing chaos on the busy road on Friday morning.The motorcyclists have been identified as Manohar Hossain (23) and Saddam Hossain (24). Both the victims died at the spot after receiving serious head injuries. None of the youths were wearing helmets at the time of the accident. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe exact cause of the accident is yet to be ascertained by the district police. The local people told the police that both the victims were riding their motorcycles at a high speed when they hit each other.According to the police, Saddam was heading towards Amdanga on his motorcycle, when he lost control over the bike and hit Manohar. Both the motorcycles were badly damaged in the incident. The circumstantial evidences suggest that both the motorcycles were running at top speed. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe incident caused traffic jam in the locality for nearly half an hour in the morning. Police officers reached the spot and brought the situation under control.The local people staged a demonstration on Bira Roadin front of the police. They alleged that there is no surveillance in the area, as a result of which the vehicles plying through the area often flout traffic norms.The police officers assured the agitating people that they would ensure surveillance in the area, following which the demonstration was lifted.Police have started a probe to ascertain how the accident took place. The local people are also being interrogated. The bodies were sent toBarasat District Hospital for postmortem.
Whether your goal is overall weight loss or better overall health, researchers recommend snacking on peanuts or peanut butter, three to four times a week.According to a new study, teenagers at high risk for being overweight or obese reduced their Body Mass Index (BMI) when they adhered to a nutrition intervention that included a snack of peanuts, compared to those children who did not.“Obesity is the most pressing health issue facing us today,” said Craig Johnston from University of Houston in the US. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“We’d like to think it’s preventable, but from where I sit right now, there hasn’t been a lot shown to be very effective on a large scale,” Johnston added in the paper published in the Journal of Applied Research on Children.The study acknowledged that snacking is more common during the adolescent years and that the unhealthy eating habit can lead to an unhealthy weight. In the 12-week study, instructors guided 257 adolescents from three Houston-area charter schools through a programme of physical activity and nutrition education. About half the students received a snack of peanuts or peanut butter three to four times a week, while the rest received the snack fewer than once a week. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixPeanuts were chosen because nuts are nutrient-dense snacks that promote a feeling of being full. Students spent 12 more weeks maintaining the healthy snacking habit. The findings showed that students who received the snack more regularly experienced a decrease in their overall BMI compared to those who did not receive the regular peanut snack. After school programmes and schools can replace energy dense, unhealthy snacks with peanuts to provide a healthier alternative for children — researchers in the study ensured students did not suffer from nut allergies, the researchers concluded.
The morning of June 4 featured a spectacular play, ‘Proposal’ by Anton Chekov. The show was produced by Moscow Theatre of Russia. The packed audience at Bratyajon International Theatre Festival sat through with a lot of enthusiasm and their applause inspired the artistes to deliver their best on stage. Russian Consul General in Kolkata Alexey Idamkin watched the show along with theatre personalities namely Ashok Mukhopadhyaya, Meghnad Bhattacharjee and Goutam Halder. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe penultimate day of the festival had night long shows of three theatre productions, all written by playwright Bratya Basu. The evening started with ‘Jatugriha’, staged by Shantipur Sanskriti, followed by ‘Cinemar Mato’ at 11 pm and ‘Hridipash’ at 3 am in the morning.Local Bangla band, ‘Arshinagar’ captivated the audience with their melodious folk music at 2 am between two successive theatre shows.The festival ended with another Bratya Basu play, ‘Anusochna’, which dealt with ethics of forgiveness.
Kolkata: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee Sunday extended her support to Kolkata Police Commissioner Rajeev Kumar, who has been summoned by the CBI in connection with Rose Valley and Saradha ponzi scams, accusing the BJP leadership of pursuing political vendetta. “The highest levels of the BJP leadership are doing the worst kind of political vendetta. Not only are political parties their targets, they are misusing power to take control of the police and destroy all institutions. We condemn this,” Banerjee tweeted. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata Bose The CBI has been trying to locate Kumar to question him in connection with the scams, with officials in the central investigating agency stating Saturday that they might arrest the Kolkata police chief as a last resort. The IPS officer, who led a Special Investigation Team of West Bengal Police probing the scams, is not responding to notices to appear before the agency, they said. “The Kolkata Police Commissioner is among the best in the world. His integrity, bravery and honesty are unquestioned. He is working 24×7, and was on leave for only one day recently. When you spread lies, the lies will always remain lies,” Banerjee added. Kumar, a 1989-batch IPS officer of West Bengal cadre, had also skipped a meeting with Election Commission officials last week.
International Institute of Media and Communication (IIMC) recently announced its 2nd Edition of Sharodiya Digital Impact Awards with much razzmatazz in Urbana Community Hall. The announcement was attended by dance exponent and social activist Alokananda Roy, vocalist Surojit Chatterjee, choreographer Sudarshan Chakravorty, film personality Satrajit Sen and DJ Aakash. IIMC Sharodiya Digital Impact Awards is aimed to honour the best Durga Puja Committee on social media platform that would cover all the creative aspects of digital promotion starting from the concept, creativity, implementation and the number of page likes to the best integrated (cross platform) social media campaign.The judging category is divided into three parts: Best Digital Impact Award, Jury Choice Awards and Peoples’ Choice Award. The trophies would be handed over to the winning Durga Puja Committees on September 24 by the Jury members.The initiative is supported by Urbana, Candid Communication – Event & PR Partner, Genius Kids and ACMS – Associate Partner, Artage-Hoarding Partner, Tollykata- Digital Partner, Presto- Award Partner, Siti Events – Cable Partner and Upananda – Gift Partner, Zeal Sports & News – Channel Partner, Millennium Post – Media Partner.Urbana is the vision and execution of six stalwarts of the Real Estate industry: Shrachi, Emami, Sureka, MKJ (Keventer), JB and Nahata Groups in association with the Government of West Bengal. Over the past couple of decades, these legendary groups have been associated with most of the city’s landmark buildings and complexes, and thus Urbana is a spectacle of magnificence, impressive enough to take your breath away.Speaking on the occasion, Debjani Mookherjee, SVP, Urbana said, “Urbana is delighted to be associated with Sharodiya Digital Impact Awards 2017 and host the event here at our premises. Kolkata is a powerhouse of talent and it was about time that we showcased it to the world through the digital space, even if it is our parar pujo. I wish all the participants all the best.”Urbana, towering over Eastern Metropolitan By-pass, is the first futuristic luxury community in the city that transformed Kolkata’s skyline – and today stands tall as one of the elements exquisitely defining the cityscape of the City of Joy.Urbana has been associated with Sharodiya Digital Impact Awards since its inception last year. Urbana has always been a forerunner in spreading awareness and giving a platform, and this initiative to collaborate speak about the growth of the Digital space was instantaneous.
Kolkata: State Education minister Partha Chatterjee on Sunday expressed his dissatisfaction over Jadavpur University’s Vice-Chancellor Suranjan Das’s claim that he will not lodge any complaint against the students who had allegedly heckled him on Tuesday.”If the Education minister tells the Vice-Chancellor something but he does not listen to it then the minister has nothing to say,” Chatterjee said on the sidelines of a programme organised by the All Bengal State Government Teachers’ Association. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseIt may be mentioned that Chatterjee had paid a visit to the private hospital in Dhakuria, where Das was admitted after the alleged heckling on Wednesday and had told him to provide a video footage of the incident so that the administration can identify those involved in the act and take suitable action. Das, who was released from the hospital on Thursday, has not yet acted in this regard. A section of students were agitating in demand of student election at Jadavpur University and when Das was coming out on Tuesday after the executive council meeting, he was allegedly manhandled by them. The university has decided to constitute an enquiry committee in this regard. A section of students has gheraoed the administrative building of the varsity since Friday, demanding student election. JU pro Vice-Chancellor Pradip Ghosh has been confined in the building since then. The state government has made it clear that no student poll will be held before the Lok Sabha elections.
Kolkata: Calcutta High Court on Thursday sought judicial and administrative reports on the lawyers’ scuffle with police which took place at the Howrah court on Wednesday.Lawyers across the state launched a cease-work strike to protest against the police action during the Howrah incident. Later in the day, the state Bar association at Calcutta High Court called a meeting and it was decided that pen down movement would continue until action is taken against the police personnel. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe division bench of Chief Justice Thottathil B. Nair Radhakrishnan issued orders to submit the reports by Monday. Lawyer Bikash Ranjan Bhattacharya mentioned about the incident before the Chief Justice and appealed him to take suo motu cognizance of the same to which he agreed. Following issuing the order to submit reports on the incident, the Chief Justice said an attack on the judicial system would not be tolerated. The High Court will take action in this regard. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateOn Wednesday, a major clash took place between the lawyers and staff of Howrah Municipal Corporation (HMC) over vehicle parking at Howrah Court area. The lawyers had allegedly attacked cops with bricks during the fight with Howrah Municipal Corporation employees. Around 10 am, when a lawyer parked his bike at the HMC’s free parking area, an employee of HMC asked him not to park his vehicle there. This led to a fight between the two and the argument further heated up when some lawyers and law clerks joined them and allegedly assaulted the HMC staff and a security personnel. Within minutes more civic body staff members joined and a clash ensued between both the parties. It was alleged that bricks were hurled during the incident. The police rushed to the spot to bring the situation under control. Later around 5 pm, when some mediapersons and HMC staff were moving out of the HMC, the lawyers allegedly assaulted them. Some lawyers allegedly hurled bricks at them which hit some police personnel who were duty. Having no other option, the police resorted to lathi-charge. The situation took an ugly turn when the lawyers retaliated and attacked the police personnel. To disperse the violent mob, the police fired a few tear gas shells on the Howrah court premises.